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ERIC Number: EJ847585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Kinematic Constraints Associated with the Acquisition of Overarm Throwing Part I: Step and Trunk Actions
Stodden, David F.; Langendorfer, Stephen J.; Fleisig, Glenn S.; Andrews, James R.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v77 n4 p417-427 Dec 2006
The purposes of this study were to: (a) examine differences within specific kinematic variables and ball velocity associated with developmental component levels of step and trunk action (Roberton & Halverson, 1984), and (b) if the differences in kinematic variables were significantly associated with the differences in component levels, determine potential kinematic constraints associated with skilled throwing acquisition. Results indicated stride length (69.3%) and time from stride foot contact to ball release (39.7%) provided substantial contributions to ball velocity (p less than 0.001). All trunk kinematic measures increased significantly with increasing component levels (p less than 0.001)r. Results suggest that trunk linear and rotational velocities, degree of trunk tilt, time from stride foot contact to ball release, and ball velocity represented potential control parameters and, therefore, constraints on overarm throwing acquisition. (Contains 4 tables and 3 figures.) [For part II, see EJ847586.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A