ERIC Number: EJ1162633
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Investigating Grit Variables and Their Relations with Practice and Skill Groups in Developing Sport Experts
Tedesqui, Rafael A. B.; Young, Bradley W.
High Ability Studies, v28 n2 p167-180 2017
Grit, the tendency to work hard toward long-term goals, maintaining effort and interest over years despite failure and adversity, has predicted several achievement outcomes. However, minimal work has examined grit within a sport expertise development framework, and specifically its association with deliberate practice (DP) in sport. Participants, 250 athletes (109 female; M[subscript age] = 23.40, SD = 10.14), completed the 12-item Grit Scale, practice measures, and reported their skill level (local to international). Factor analyses confirmed a 10-item two-factor model for use in our sport sample: consistency of interests (CI; 6 items; a = 0.81) and perseverance of effort (PE; 4 items; a = 0.75). A full latent variable model controlling for age showed PE significantly predicted weekly amounts of DP and engagement in mandatory and optional practice contexts; CI was inversely associated with threats to athletes' sport commitment. Among senior athletes, both Expert and Advanced skill groups had higher PE levels than a Basic/Intermediate group, ps < 0.05. The tendency to work hard toward long-term goals seemingly enables athletes to persist with practice activities that are pivotal to expert sport development.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Athletes, Factor Analysis, Persistence, Athletics, Team Sports, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales, Structural Equation Models, Expertise, Predictive Validity, Surveys, Regression (Statistics), Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Ottawa)