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Lee, Rosalyn – Journal of Community Psychology, 2012
This study investigates whether monitoring and positive parenting moderate the relationship between community violence exposure (CVE) and youth substance use. Analyses utilized a subsample (N = 2197) of a cross-sectional, ethnically diverse, urban school district sample. Dependent variables were any past year alcohol or drug use (AOD) and binge…
Descriptors: Violence, Substance Abuse, Drinking, Child Rearing
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Haw, Camilla; Hawton, Keith; Niedzwiedz, Claire; Platt, Steve – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2013
Suicide clusters, although uncommon, cause great concern in the communities in which they occur. We searched the world literature on suicide clusters and describe the risk factors and proposed psychological mechanisms underlying the spatio-temporal clustering of suicides (point clusters). Potential risk factors include male gender, being an…
Descriptors: Suicide, At Risk Persons, Gender Differences, Age Differences
Bray, Melissa A., Ed.; Kehle, Thomas J., Ed. – Oxford University Press, 2011
With its roots in clinical and educational psychology, school psychology is an ever-changing field that encompasses a diversity of topics. "The Oxford Handbook of School Psychology" synthesizes the most vital and relevant literature in all of these areas, producing a state-of-the-art, authoritative resource for practitioners,…
Descriptors: School Psychology, Problem Solving, Delivery Systems, Cognitive Ability
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Pearson, Jennifer; Wilkinson, Lindsey – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2013
Existing research suggests that sexual minority youth experience lower levels of well-being, in part because they perceive less social support than heterosexual youth. Sexual minority youth with strong family relationships may demonstrate resilience and increased well-being; however, it is also possible that the experience of sexual stigma may…
Descriptors: Well Being, Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Drinking
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Hatt, Beth – Urban Review: Issues and Ideas in Public Education, 2011
The US has one of the most inequitably funded school systems and the largest prison population in the industrialized world. These two factors help to construct what is known as the school to prison pipeline. The past 30 years has included punitive policies within schools and the criminal justice system that have resulted in a disproportionate…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Justice, Correctional Rehabilitation, Educational Opportunities
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Faulkner, Guy; Irving, Hyacinth; Paglia-Boak, Angela; Adlaf, Edward – Journal of Community Psychology, 2010
Stigma is a significant barrier to the improvement of the lives of people with schizophrenia. Little is known about the emergence of stigmatizing attitudes developmentally. The purpose of this study was to provide a provincial assessment of adolescent knowledge about schizophrenia and to identify the relationship between adolescent knowledge and…
Descriptors: Counseling Techniques, Schizophrenia, Mental Disorders, Drug Use
Salgado, Ana C. – Journal of Educational Psychology - Propositos y Representaciones, 2014
The purpose of this article is to review the empirical researches supporting the positive impact of religion, religiosity and spirituality as protective factors in various areas of human life. An analysis of each variable is performed individually and collectively. Among the conclusions of this work, researches show that they help people to have…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Religion, Religious Factors, Resilience (Psychology)
Meyer, Lois – Australian Government Department of Education, Science and Training, 2005
Primary schools can play a significant preventative role in addressing drug-related harm in young people's lives. "One and All" is a programme aimed at assisting schools to plan and implement drug prevention in the middle primary years through developing students' social and emotional competence and nurturing their resilience. It is part…
Descriptors: Prevention, Personality Traits, Drug Education, Foreign Countries
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Denham, Bryan E. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2009
Grounded conceptually in social cognitive theory, this research examines how personal, behavioral, and environmental factors are associated with risk perceptions of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Ordinal logistic regression and logit log-linear models applied to data gathered from high-school seniors (N = 2,160) in the 2005 Monitoring the Future…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Multivariate Analysis, Depression (Psychology), Drug Abuse
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Brown, Eric C.; Hawkins, J. David; Arthur, Michael W.; Briney, John S.; Fagan, Abigail A. – Journal of Community Psychology, 2011
This study examines prevention system transformation as part of a community-randomized controlled trial of Communities That Care (CTC). Using data from surveys of community leaders, we examine differences between CTC and control communities 4.5 years after CTC implementation. Significantly higher levels of adopting a science-based approach to…
Descriptors: Community Leaders, Poverty, Prevention, Drug Use
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Johnson, Elisabeth – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2014
Through a student/teacher classroom conflict, the author explores ways adults produce student writers as vulnerable. Drawing on post-structural concepts of adolescence, identity production, interrogation, and vulnerability, the author details how an English teacher invited students to perform vulnerability in personal narratives about issues like…
Descriptors: Personal Narratives, Writing Assignments, Adolescents, Identification (Psychology)
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Carpenter, Carrie M.; Howard, Donna – American Journal of Health Behavior, 2009
Objectives: To develop and evaluate psychometric properties of a new instrument, the drug use resistance self-efficacy (DURSE) scale, designed for young adolescents. Methods: Scale construction occurred in 3 phases: (1) initial development, (2) pilot testing of preliminary items, and (3) final scale administration among a sample of seventh graders…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Substance Abuse, Early Adolescents, Measures (Individuals)
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Kafka, S.; Hunter, J. A.; Hayhurst, J.; Boyes, M.; Thomson, R. L.; Clarke, H.; Grocott, A. M.; Stringer, M.; O'Brien, K. S. – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2012
Empirical evidence shows that educational experiences in the context of the outdoors lead to elevated self-esteem. Although elevated self-esteem is widely assumed to promote beneficial outcomes, recent evidence suggests that elevated self-esteem may also facilitate a variety of negative outcomes (i.e., increased prejudice, aggression, drug and…
Descriptors: Evidence, Adolescents, Student Attitudes, Gender Bias
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Rollins, Chiquita; Glass, Nancy E.; Perrin, Nancy A.; Billhardt, Kris A.; Clough, Amber; Barnes, Jamie; Hanson, Ginger C.; Bloom, Tina L. – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2012
Advocates, clinicians, policy makers, and survivors frequently cite intimate partner violence (IPV) as an immediate cause of or precursor to housing problems. Research has indicated an association between homelessness and IPV, yet few studies examine IPV and housing instability. Housing instability differs from homelessness, in that someone…
Descriptors: Medical Services, Homeless People, Quality of Life, Drug Use
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Rodgers, Caryn R. R.; Nichols, Tracy R.; Botvin, Gilbert J. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2011
Increases in substance use prevalence among girls, as well as a lack of research conducted with urban girls of color, highlight the importance of understanding both predictors and outcomes of substance use abstinence (SUA) within this population. This study addresses gaps in SUA research through a longitudinal investigation conducted with urban…
Descriptors: Females, Prevention, Grade 9, Social Influences
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