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Showing 1 to 15 of 71 results Save | Export
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Valkov, Petar – International Journal of Emotional Education, 2018
Addiction to psychoactive substances is a serious problem, involved in a variety of social problems, such as crime, highway deaths, suicide, accidental deaths, hospitalization, poor school performance and dropout, job absenteeism, child and spouse abuse, low self-esteem, depression and anxiety. The purpose of this study is to investigate the…
Descriptors: Birth Order, Correlation, Addictive Behavior, Foreign Countries
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Lardier, David T., Jr.; Barrios, Veronica R.; Garcia-Reid, Pauline; Reid, Robert J. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2018
Hispanic urban youth experience high levels of violence, access to drugs and alcohol, and limited access to quality educational institutions, as well as a disproportionate use of substances. However, youth exposed to multiple sources of support, such as values related to family centrality (e.g., family cohesion or "familismo") and…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Youth, At Risk Persons, Substance Abuse
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Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E. – Evaluation and Program Planning, 2010
Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Substance Abuse, Homeless People, Drug Addiction
Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2006
This report provides an analysis of recent findings on drug and alcohol use trends among girls. Data indicate that girls have caught up with boys in illicit drug and alcohol use and have actually surpassed boys in cigarette and prescription drug use. Also, more girls than boys are new users of substances. Marijuana is the illicit drug most widely…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Sexual Abuse, Sexuality, Risk
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Markham, Wolfgang A. – Educational Review, 2015
This paper outlines a conceptual and operational framework for understanding the relationships between school culture and teenage substance use (smoking, drinking and illicit drug use). The framework draws upon Bernstein's theory of cultural transmission, a theory of health promoting schools and a frame for understanding the effects of place on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Culture, Substance Abuse, Cultural Influences
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Homer, Bruce D.; Solomon, Todd M.; Moeller, Robert W.; Mascia, Amy; DeRaleau, Lauren; Halkitis, Perry N. – Psychological Bulletin, 2008
The highly addictive drug methamphetamine has been associated with impairments in social cognitions as evidenced by changes in users' behaviors. Physiological changes in brain structure and functioning, particularly in the frontal lobe, have also been identified. The authors propose a biopsychosocial approach to understanding the effects of…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Social Cognition, Social Isolation, Depression (Psychology)
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Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Kulis, Stephen; Rodriguez, Gregorio Martinez; Becerra, David; Castillo, Jason – Research on Social Work Practice, 2009
This article reports on the prevalence and frequency of use of a set of drug-resistance strategies among a sample of Mexican adolescents. The keepin' it REAL (refuse, explain, avoid, and leave) strategies are part of a model drug-prevention intervention program originally developed by and for youth in the United States. The present study tests the…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Intervention, Drug Education, Adolescents
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Lee, Rosalyn – Journal of Community Psychology, 2012
This study investigates whether monitoring and positive parenting moderate the relationship between community violence exposure (CVE) and youth substance use. Analyses utilized a subsample (N = 2197) of a cross-sectional, ethnically diverse, urban school district sample. Dependent variables were any past year alcohol or drug use (AOD) and binge…
Descriptors: Violence, Substance Abuse, Drinking, Child Rearing
Salgado, Ana C. – Journal of Educational Psychology - Propositos y Representaciones, 2014
The purpose of this article is to review the empirical researches supporting the positive impact of religion, religiosity and spirituality as protective factors in various areas of human life. An analysis of each variable is performed individually and collectively. Among the conclusions of this work, researches show that they help people to have…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Religion, Religious Factors, Resilience (Psychology)
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Carpenter, Carrie M.; Howard, Donna – American Journal of Health Behavior, 2009
Objectives: To develop and evaluate psychometric properties of a new instrument, the drug use resistance self-efficacy (DURSE) scale, designed for young adolescents. Methods: Scale construction occurred in 3 phases: (1) initial development, (2) pilot testing of preliminary items, and (3) final scale administration among a sample of seventh graders…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Substance Abuse, Early Adolescents, Measures (Individuals)
Tucker, Tameka M. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
Nationally published reports on death rates for substance abuse (drug-alcohol related), violence (homicide), and risky sexual behaviors (HIV/AIDS) among African-American men are deeply concerning. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between historical/developmental factors (masculine identity, racial identity, racism),…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Employment Level, Income, Suicide
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Bisgaier, Joanna; Rhodes, Karin V. – Health & Social Work, 2011
This article examines associations between cumulative adverse financial circumstances and patient health in a sample of 1,506 urban emergency department (ED) patients. Study participants completed a previously validated Social Health Survey between May and October 2009. Five categories of economic deprivation were studied: food insecurity, housing…
Descriptors: Security (Psychology), Substance Abuse, Smoking, Health Conditions
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Clem, Jamie M.; Smith, Thomas E.; Richards, Kristin V. – Research on Social Work Practice, 2012
Substance abuse researchers identify self-efficacy and group cohesion as important components in alcohol and other drug-dependency treatment. Objectives: The purpose of this single-group, pretest-posttest study is to explore the therapeutic value of a challenge course intervention on the self-efficacy and group cohesion of nine chemically…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Intervention, Self Efficacy, Focus Groups
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Testa, Mark F.; Smith, Brenda – Future of Children, 2009
Evidence linking alcohol and other drug abuse with child maltreatment, particularly neglect, is strong. But does substance abuse cause maltreatment? According to Mark Testa and Brenda Smith, such co-occurring risk factors as parental depression, social isolation, homelessness, or domestic violence may be more directly responsible than substance…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Placement, Homeless People, Child Abuse
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MacDonald, Ryan; Taylor, John; Clarke, Diana – Journal of Adolescence, 2009
This paper employs community-level data to examine the relationship between suicide behaviors, measured at age eleven, and two mental health outcomes assessed nine-years later. Specifically, we assess the role and significance of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in substance dependence and depressive symptomatology. We evaluate these linkages…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Suicide, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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