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ERIC Number: EJ967261
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
The Complementary Role of High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein in the Diagnosis and Severity Assessment of Autism
Khakzad, Mohammad Reza; Javanbakht, Maryam; Shayegan, Mohammad Reza; Kianoush, Sina; Omid, Fatemeh; Hojati, Maryam; Meshkat, Mojtaba
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v6 n3 p1032-1037 Jul-Sep 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a beneficial diagnostic test for the evaluation of inflammatory response. Extremely low levels of CRP can be detected using high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) test. A considerable body of evidence has demonstrated that inflammatory response has an important role in the pathophysiology of autism. In this study, we evaluated and compared hs-CRP levels between autistic and intellectually normal individuals. Clinical data of 39 autistic and 30 age-matched intellectually normal individuals (control group) were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups (mild-to-moderate and severe) according to childhood autism rating scale. Then serum hs-CRP concentrations were measured and compared between two groups. Also, the correlation between hs-CRP concentration and the severity of autism was determined. The mean concentration of hs-CRP in children with autism (540.1 plus or minus 1125.5 ng/ml) was significantly (P less than 0.0001) higher than control group (1.3 plus or minus 1.0 ng/ml). In severe autism, the mean level of hs-CRP (985.1 plus or minus 1432.1 ng/ml) was significantly (P = 0.008) higher than the mean level of hs-CRP in patients with mild-to-moderate autism (147.1 plus or minus 60.4 ng/ml). There was a positive correlation between hs-CRP concentration and autism severity (r = 0.34; P = 0.039). These findings affirm the role of inflammation in autism. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childhood Autism Rating Scale