ERIC Number: EJ817406
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Exploring Sex Differences in Worry with a Cognitive Vulnerability Model
Zalta, Alyson K.; Chambless, Dianne L.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v32 n4 p469-482 Dec 2008
A multivariate model was developed to examine the relative contributions of mastery, stress, interpretive bias, and coping to sex differences in worry. Rumination was incorporated as a second outcome variable to test the specificity of these associations. Participants included two samples of undergraduates totaling 302 men and 379 women. A path analysis of the full sample demonstrated good overall fit and revealed that low mastery, high stress, and high interpretive bias predicted increases in both worry and rumination. There proved to be no interactive effect of sex with the model. Comparisons of mean differences indicated that women reported significantly lower mastery and significantly higher stress, worry, and rumination than men. Results suggest similar processes confer risk for worry and rumination in men and women; however, lower levels of mastery and higher levels of stress in women may contribute to the female preponderance of anxiety and depression.
Descriptors: Females, Path Analysis, Gender Differences, Depression (Psychology), Males, Stress Variables, Bias, Coping, Psychological Patterns, Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Anxiety
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A