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Wilson, Travis M.; Jamison, Rhonda – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
Peer nominations and teacher ratings were used to examine age and sex differences in behaviors associated with perceived coolness during middle childhood. Participants were 470 students in Grades 1, 3, and 5. Participants nominated peers whom they perceived as cool; separate scores were calculated for samesex coolness and cross-sex coolness (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Student Behavior, Elementary School Students
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Zhao, Yunchuan; Kim, Heejung; Peltzer, Jill – Journal of School Nursing, 2017
Male and female students manifest different behaviors in condomless sex. This cross-sectional, exploratory, correlational study examined the differences in risk factors for condomless sex between male and female high school students, using secondary data from 4,968 sexually active males and females participating in the 2011 National Youth Risk…
Descriptors: Correlation, Substance Abuse, Sexuality, Disease Control
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Sinclair, James; Kahn, Laurie G.; Rowe, Dawn A.; Mazzotti, Valerie L.; Hirano, Kara A.; Knowles, Christen – Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals, 2017
Sex education is not only a necessary component of public school curriculum, but it is also an important opportunity for students with and without disabilities to learn about their own development as emerging adults. Although comprehensive sex education is not federally mandated, many states and districts choose to offer some form of sex education…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Disabilities, Cooperative Planning, Program Development
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Talley, Heather; Cho, Janice; Strassberg, Donald S.; Rullo, Jordan E. – American Journal of Sexuality Education, 2016
An inaccurate definition of what constitutes sex can negatively impact the sexual health and wellbeing of patients. This study aimed to determine which behaviors medical students consider to be sex. Survey questions about various sexual behaviors were administered to medical students. All participants agreed that penile-vaginal penetration is sex.…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Student Attitudes, Sexuality, Definitions
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Espinoza, Luis Enrique – Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 2019
This study sought to investigate the association between nativity status and Hispanic young women's formal sex education and parental sex education in the USA. We used data from a cross-sectional sample of 310 Hispanic young women aged 18-24 years old from the 2013-2015 US National Survey of Family Growth. We assessed 11 outcomes: four formal sex…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Hispanic Americans, Females, Parents as Teachers
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Lieberman, Lisa D.; Goldfarb, Eva S.; Kwiatkowski, Samantha; Santos, Paul – American Journal of Sexuality Education, 2017
First sex marks a significant transition for most adolescents, yet teens often report that it was unplanned. Seventy-four college students participated in exploratory focus groups about their first sex. Although initially asked whether their first sex was spontaneous or planned, many participants revealed evidence of forethought or anticipation,…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Adolescents, College Students, Focus Groups
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Casado, Alba; Palma, Alfonso; Paolieri, Daniela – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Three different tasks (word repetition, lexical decision, and gender decision) were designed to explore the impact of the sex clues (sex of the speaker, sex of the addressee) and the type of gender (semantic, arbitrary) on the processing of isolated Spanish gendered words. The findings showed that the grammatical gender feature was accessed when…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Grammar, Repetition, Sex
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Blondeau, Lauren; Awad, Germine H. – Journal of Career Development, 2017
Males continue to dominate mathematics-related areas in graduate school and employment, possibly due to the differential guidance that they receive as students. In the present study, 180 undergraduates completed an online survey on the career and graduate school guidance they received from mathematics professors. Student sex, professor sex, and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Undergraduate Students, Career Guidance, College Mathematics
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O'Sullivan, Lucia F.; Byers, E. Sandra; Mitra, Koumari – Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 2019
This study assessed the extent to which an Internet-recruited sample of residents of India was supportive of the provision of comprehensive sexual education in school in a country where youth sexual health is poor. We sought to determine whether attitudes differed for those of varying demographic backgrounds (age, sex, education level, religion),…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Health Education, Birth
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Heyes, Joshua Michael – Journal of Moral Education, 2019
The influential liberal philosophical approach to sex education fails to appreciate the moral complexities of young people's sexuality and relationships. The resultant pedagogies are limited to the morality of tolerance and acquisition of legal sexual consent, unaware that these very notions are supervened on by much wider and more complex…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Moral Values, Sexuality, Interpersonal Relationship
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Bodnar, Kaitlin; Tornello, Samantha L. – Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 2019
Using data from 2002 to 2013 collections of the National Survey of Family Growth, we explored how exposure and timing of sex education were associated with sexual health outcomes of 5,141 women between the ages of 15 and 20 years. Consistent with previous literature, sexual minority (e.g., lesbian and bisexual) women reported engaging in sexual…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Females, Time Factors (Learning), Access to Education
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Foilb, Allison R.; Bals, Julia; Sarlitto, Mary C.; Christianson, John P. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Distinguishing safety from danger is necessary for survival, but is aberrant in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While PTSD is more prevalent in women than men, research on sex differences in safety learning is limited. Here, female rats demonstrated greater fear discrimination than males in a CS+/CS- paradigm. To determine…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Fear, Discrimination Learning
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Hock, Alyson; Kangas, Ashley; Zieber, Nicole; Bhatt, Ramesh S. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Sex is a significant social category, and adults derive information about it from both faces and bodies. Research indicates that young infants process sex category information in faces. However, no prior study has examined whether infants derive sex categories from bodies and match faces and bodies in terms of sex. In the current study,…
Descriptors: Infants, Sex, Classification, Child Development
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Hobaica, Steven; Kwon, Paul – American Journal of Sexuality Education, 2017
The efficacy of sex education has been questioned, as students participate in high rates of unsafe sex after completion. Without exploring various sexual minority (SM) identities (e.g., gay, lesbian, and bisexual) and forms of sex, sex education may be especially unhelpful for SMs by perpetuating the heteronormative (i.e., assuming heterosexuality…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Sexuality, Qualitative Research, Semi Structured Interviews
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Arnett, Anne B.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Peterson, Robin L.; Willcutt, Erik G.; DeFries, John C.; Olson, Richard K. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Males are diagnosed with dyslexia more frequently than females, even in epidemiological samples. This may be explained by greater variance in males' reading performance. Methods: We expand on previous research by rigorously testing the variance difference theory, and testing for mediation of the sex difference by cognitive correlates.…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Gender Differences, Reading Difficulties, Cognitive Processes
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