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ERIC Number: EJ994160
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1537-4416
Personality Predispositions to Depression in Children of Affectively-Ill Parents: The Buffering Role of Self-Esteem
Abela, John R. Z.; Fishman, Michael B.; Cohen, Joseph R.; Young, Jami F.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, v41 n4 p391-401 2012
A major theory of personality predispositions to depression posits that individuals who possess high levels of self-criticism and/or dependency are vulnerable to developing depression following negative life events. The goal of the current study was to test this theory of personality predispositions and the self-esteem buffering hypothesis in a sample of youth using an idiographic approach, a high-risk sample, and a multiwave longitudinal design. One hundred forty children aged 6 to 14 completed measures of dependency, self-criticism, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Over the course of the following year, 8 follow-up assessments were conducted 6 weeks apart during which all children were administered measures assessing depressive symptoms and the occurrence of negative events. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses indicated that higher levels of dependency were associated with greater increases in depressive symptoms following negative events among children possessing low, but not high, self-esteem. In contrast, self-criticism was not associated with changes in depressive symptoms over time regardless of children's levels of stress and/or self-esteem. (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childrens Depression Inventory; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale