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Plant, Jennifer L.; van Schaik, Sandrijn M.; Sliwka, Diane C.; Boscardin, Christy K.; O'Sullivan, Patricia S. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2011
Self-efficacy is thought to be important for resuscitation proficiency in that it influences the development of and access to the associated medical knowledge, procedural skills and crisis resource management (CRM) skills. Since performance assessment of CRM skills is challenging, self-efficacy is often used as a measure of competence in this…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Self Efficacy, Performance Based Assessment, Performance Tests
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Lisk, Kristina; Agur, Anne M. R.; Woods, Nicole N. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Several studies have shown that cognitive integration of basic and clinical sciences supports diagnostic reasoning in novices; however, there has been limited exploration of the ways in which educators can translate this model of mental activity into sound instructional strategies. The use of "self-explanation" during learning has the…
Descriptors: Novices, Clinical Experience, Instructional Innovation, Cognitive Processes
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van de Ridder, J. M. Monica; Peters, Claudia M. M.; Stokking, Karel M.; de Ru, J. Alexander; ten Cate, Olle Th. J. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Feedback is considered important to acquire clinical skills. Research evidence shows that feedback does not always improve learning and its effects may be small. In many studies, a variety of variables involved in feedback provision may mask either one of their effects. E.g., there is reason to believe that the way oral feedback is framed may…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Medical Students, Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement
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Bakken, Lori L.; Byars-Winston, Angela; Gundermann, Dawn M.; Ward, Earlise C.; Slattery, Angela; King, Andrea; Scott, Denise; Taylor, Robert E. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2010
Women and people of color continue to be underrepresented among biomedical researchers to an alarming degree. Research interest and subsequent productivity have been shown to be affected by the research training environment through the mediating effects of research self-efficacy. This article presents the findings of a study to determine whether a…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Intervention, Females, Self Efficacy
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Bierer, S. Beth; Prayson, Richard A.; Dannefer, Elaine F. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
This study used variables proposed in social cognitive career theory (SCCT) to focus the evaluation of a research curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University (CCLCM). Eight cohorts of CCLCM medical students completed a web-based version of the six-scale Clinical Research Appraisal…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Self Efficacy, Medical Research, Vocational Interests
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Phang, Cheng Kar; Mukhtar, Firdaus; Ibrahim, Normala; Keng, Shian-Ling; Sidik, Sherina Mohd. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Pursuing undergraduate medical training can be very stressful and academically challenging experience. A 5-week mindfulness-based stress management (MBSM/Mindful-Gym) program was developed to help medical students cope with stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing stress among students in a…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Intervention, Stress Management, Metacognition
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Parkes, Jay; Abercrombie, Sara; McCarty, Teresita – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
The feedback sandwich technique-make positive comments; provide critique; end with positive comments-is commonly recommended to feedback givers despite scant evidence of its efficacy. These two studies (N = 20; N = 350) of written peer feedback with third-year medical students on clinical patient note-writing assignments indicate that students…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Feedback (Response), Positive Reinforcement, Criticism
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Cleary, Timothy J.; Dong, Ting; Artino, Anthony R., Jr. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
This study examined within-group shifts in the motivation beliefs and regulatory processes of second-year medical students as they engaged in a diagnostic reasoning activity. Using a contextualized assessment methodology called self-regulated learning microanalysis, the authors found that the 71 medical student participants showed statistically…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Student Motivation, Student Attitudes, Beliefs
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Delany, C.; Miller, K. J.; El-Ansary, D.; Remedios, L.; Hosseini, A.; McLeod, S. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Clinical education is foundational to health professional training. However, it is also a time of increased stress for students. A student's perception of stressors and their capacity to effectively manage them is a legitimate concern for educators, because anxiety and decreased coping strategies can interfere with effective learning, clinical…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Coping, Medical Education, Medical Students
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Kalet, A.; Ellaway, R. H.; Song, H. S.; Nick, M.; Sarpel, U.; Hopkins, M. A.; Hill, J.; Plass, J. L.; Pusic, M. V. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Participant attrition may be a significant threat to the generalizability of the results of educational research studies if participants who do not persist in a study differ from those who do in ways that can affect the experimental outcomes. A multi-center trial of the efficacy of different computer-based instructional strategies gave us the…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Education, Student Attrition, Educational Research
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Cordovani, Ligia; Cordovani, Daniel – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2016
Motor skill practice is very important to improve performance of medical procedures and could be enhanced by observational practice. Observational learning could be particularly important in the medical field considering that patients' safety prevails over students' training. The mechanism of observational learning is based on the mirror neuron…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Psychomotor Skills, Learning Strategies, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Patterson, Fiona; Zibarras, Lara Dawn – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
The ability to innovate is an important requirement in many organisations. Despite this pressing need, few selection systems in healthcare focus on identifying the potential for creativity and innovation and so this area has been vastly under-researched. As a first step towards understanding how we might select for creativity and innovation, this…
Descriptors: Creativity, Innovation, Foreign Countries, Physicians
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Singaram, Veena S.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.; Stevens, Fred; Dolmans, Diana H. J. M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2011
Collaborative approaches such as Problem Based Learning (PBL) may provide the opportunity to bring together diverse students but their efficacy in practice and the complications that arise due to the mixed ethnicity needs further investigation. This study explores the key advantages and problems of heterogeneous PBL groups from the students' and…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Focus Groups, Problem Based Learning, Heterogeneous Grouping
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Papinczak, Tracey; Young, Louise; Groves, Michele; Haynes, Michele – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2008
Aim: To determine the influence of metacognitive activities within the PBL tutorial environment on the development of deep learning approach, reduction in surface approach, and enhancement of individual learning self-efficacy. Method: Participants were first-year medical students (N = 213). A pre-test, post-test design was implemented with…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Study Habits, Intervention, Student Attitudes
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Isaac, Carol; Byars-Winston, Angela; McSorley, Rebecca; Schultz, Alexandra; Kaatz, Anna; Carnes, Mary L. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2014
The high attrition rate of female physicians pursuing an academic medicine research career has not been examined in the context of career development theory. We explored how internal medicine residents and faculty experience their work within the context of their broader life domain in order to identify strategies for facilitating career…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Internal Medicine, Career Development, Medical Research
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