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DeBarger, Angela Haydel; Penuel, William R.; Harris, Christopher J.; Kennedy, Cathleen A. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2016
Evaluators must employ research designs that generate compelling evidence related to the worth or value of programs, of which assessment data often play a critical role. This article focuses on assessment design in the context of evaluation. It describes the process of using the Framework for K-12 Science Education and Next Generation Science…
Descriptors: Intervention, Program Evaluation, Research Design, Science Tests
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Penuel, William R.; Gallagher, Lawrence P.; Moorthy, Savitha – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This research study examined whether and how professional development can help teachers design sequences of instruction that lead to improved science learning. The efficacy of three professional development programs and a control condition was compared in a cluster randomized trial involving 53 middle school science teachers from a single school…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Earth Science, Science Teachers, Faculty Development
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Severance, Samuel; Penuel, William R.; Sumner, Tamara; Leary, Heather – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) approaches to intervention aim for transformative agency, that is, collective actions that expand and bring about new possibilities for activity. In this article, we draw on CHAT as a resource for organizing design research that promotes teachers' agency in designing new science curriculum materials. We…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Instruction, Science Curriculum, Instructional Materials
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Gutiérrez, Kris D.; Penuel, William R. – Educational Researcher, 2014
The authors argue for a reconceptualization of rigor that requires sustained, direct, and systematic documentation of what takes place inside programs to document how students and teachers change and adapt interventions in interactions with each other in relation to their dynamic local contexts. Building on promising new programs at the Institute…
Descriptors: Intervention, Context Effect, Interpersonal Relationship, Research Utilization
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Penuel, William R.; Fishman, Barry J. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2012
This article develops an argument that the type of intervention research most useful for improving science teaching and learning and leading to scalable interventions includes both research to develop and gather evidence of the efficacy of innovations and a different kind of research, "design-based implementation research" (DBIR). DBIR…
Descriptors: Science Education, Intervention, Research, Measurement
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Penuel, William R.; Gallagher, Lawrence P. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2009
This study compared the efficacy of 3 approaches to professional development in middle school Earth science organized around the principles of Understanding by Design (Wiggins & McTighe, 1998) in a sample of 53 teachers from a large urban district. Teachers were randomly assigned to a control group or to 1 of 3 conditions that varied with…
Descriptors: Units of Study, Earth Science, Faculty Development, Teacher Competencies
Penuel, William R.; Bates, Lauren; Townsend, Eve; Gallagher, Lawrence P.; Pasnik, Shelley; Llorente, Carlin – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
Described here is a study on the efficacy of a digital media-rich curriculum based on the idea that children can learn best from "media synergy", that is, when children have opportunities to learn skills by engaging in repeated practice with them in many different formats and media (Neuman, 1995). The study is part of the "Ready to…
Descriptors: Preschool Curriculum, Television Viewing, Evaluation Research, School Readiness
Penuel, William R.; Gallagher, Lawrence P. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2009
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of three different approaches to professional development in Earth science education: preparing teachers to "adopt" expert-"design" curricula; preparing teachers to use a principled approach to design curricula; and preparing teachers to use a principled approach to "adapt" curricula. The claims…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Teaching Methods, Instructional Design, Middle School Teachers