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Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2018
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensuring that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, Institutional Characteristics
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeff – College Board, 2017
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP Exam based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara, & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel, & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Aptitude Tests, High Schools, College Entrance Examinations
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2013
This study examines the relationship between students' SAT essay scores and college outcomes, including first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and first-year English course grade average (FY EngGPA), overall and by various demographic and academic performance subgroups. Results showed that the SAT essay score has a positive relationship with both…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Essays, Writing Skills
Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2013
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessments is critical to ensure that proper inferences will be made for those purposes. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2013
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the core uses of educational assessments is critical to ensure that proper inferences will be made for those core purposes. To that end, the College Board has continued to follow previous cohorts of college students and this report provides updated validity evidence for using the SAT to predict…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Melican, Gerald J. – College Board, 2007
This report synthesizes the research to date addressing the construct comparability of the SAT Reasoning Test and prior SAT I: Reasoning Test and the series of research studies addressing the equatability and subpopulation invariance of the SAT and SAT I.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Scores
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation describes an alternative way of presenting the unique information provided by the SAT over HSGPA, namely examining students with discrepant SAT-HSGPA performance.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Scores
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Smith, Kara – College Board, 2016
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2012
This study examined the validity of the SAT for predicting performance in first-year English and mathematics courses. Results reveal a significant positive relationship between SAT scores and course grades, with slightly higher correlations for mathematics courses compared to English courses. Correlations were estimated by student characteristics…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Sackett, Paul R.; Kuncel, Nathan R.; Arneson, Justin J.; Cooper, Sara R.; Waters, Shonna D. – College Board, 2009
Critics of educational admissions tests assert that tests measure nothing other than socioeconomic status (SES), and that their apparent validity in predicting academic performance is an artifact of SES. We examine relationships among SAT, SES, and freshman grades in 41 colleges and universities and show that (a) SES is related to SAT scores (r =…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Grade Point Average, College Entrance Examinations, Scores
Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2011
The findings for the 2008 sample are largely consistent with the previous reports. SAT scores were found to be correlated with FYGPA (r = 0.54), with a magnitude similar to HSGPA (r = 0.56). The best set of predictors of FYGPA remains SAT scores and HSGPA (r = 0.63), as the addition of the SAT sections to the correlation of HSGPA alone with FYGPA…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Wiley, Andrew; Camara, Wayne J.; Proestler, Nina – College Board, 2012
Academic intensity or academic rigor of students' high school curriculum is positively related to several college outcomes including the avoidance of remediation and graduation attainment. However, research on academic rigor has been limited possibly due to the difficulty in obtaining a quantitative measure applicable across schools and districts.…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Readiness, College Preparation, Difficulty Level
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2010
There is substantial variability in the degree to which the SAT and high school grade point average (HSGPA) predict first-year college performance at different institutions. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of multilevel modeling as a tool to uncover institutional characteristics that are associated with this variability. In a model that…
Descriptors: Scores, Validity, Prediction, College Freshmen
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