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Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda – College Board, 2016
During the transition period between the use of exclusively old SAT® scores and the use of exclusively new SAT scores, college admission offices will be receiving both types of scores from students. Making an admission decision based on new SAT scores can be challenging at first because institutions have methods, procedures, and models based on…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, College Admission, Decision Making
Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2018
Admission offices at colleges and universities often use SAT® scores to make decisions about applicants for their incoming class. Many institutions use prediction models to quantify a student's potential for success using various measures, including SAT scores (NACAC, 2016). In March 2016, the College Board introduced a redesigned SAT that better…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Admission, Knowledge Level, College Readiness
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2013
This study examines the relationship between students' SAT essay scores and college outcomes, including first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and first-year English course grade average (FY EngGPA), overall and by various demographic and academic performance subgroups. Results showed that the SAT essay score has a positive relationship with both…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Essays, Writing Skills
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation describes an alternative way of presenting the unique information provided by the SAT over HSGPA, namely examining students with discrepant SAT-HSGPA performance.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Scores
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2013
The current study examines the relationship between the SAT® College Readiness Benchmark with the outcome of graduation from college in either four or six years. The results indicate that the SAT benchmark is indeed differentiating between those students who graduate within four years and those who do not, as well as between those who graduate…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Benchmarking, College Graduates, Academic Achievement
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
The purpose of the study is to examine the differential validity and prediction of the SAT using a nationally representative sample of first-year college students admitted with the revised version of the SAT. The findings demonstrate that there are similar patterns of differential validity and prediction by gender, race/ethnicity, and best…
Descriptors: Validity, Prediction, College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2014
The Study evaluated the predictive validity of various operationalizations of AP® Exam and course information that could be used to make college admission decisions. The incremental validity of different AP variables, above and beyond traditional admission measures such as SAT® and high school grade point average (HSGPA), in predicting first-year…
Descriptors: College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, Predictive Validity
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2011
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in New Orleans, LA in April 2011. The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA through the second-year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cumulative GPA by college major among…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Grade Point Average, College Students
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
This report presents the results of a large-scale national validity study of the SAT®. In March 2005, the College Board introduced a revised SAT, with an additional section in writing and minor changes in content to the verbal and mathematics sections. The first full cohort of students taking this test completed their first year of college in…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA (cGPA) through the second year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cGPA by college major across student subgroups. The relationship between the SAT and cGPA varied somewhat by major, as well as by major and subgroup…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; McKenzie, Elizabeth – College Board, 2010
[Slides] presented at the annual conference of the Southern Association for College Admission Counseling, April 2010. This presentation summarizes recent research from the national SAT Validity Study and includes information on the Admitted Class Evaluation Service (ACES) system and how ACES can help institutions conduct their own validity…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Educational Research, Predictive Validity
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Sathy, Viji; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2007
This paper presents and reviews gender, racial/ethnic, language, and socioeconomic subgroup performance differences on the SAT® over nearly the last two decades. Theories on the existence of subgroup differences are examined. Substantial revisions to the SAT were made in 1994, and again in 2005. The short-term and long-term impact of these…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Language
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