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Ying, Yuanfan; Yang, Xiaolu; Shi, Rushen – First Language, 2022
Previous studies show that infants store functional morphemes for inferring syntactic categories of adjacent words, and they generally perform better with nouns than with verbs. In this study, we tested whether toddlers can exploit phrasal groupings for syntactic categorization in the face of noisy co-occurrence patterns. Using a visual fixation…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Toddlers, Language Acquisition, Inferences
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Opara, Ijeoma; Lardier, David T., Jr.; Garcia-Reid, Pauline; Reid, Robert J. – Youth & Society, 2022
Limited research has examined intrapersonal psychological empowerment (PE) among Black girls solely. This study aims to fill a gap in empowerment literature by examining the factor structure of the Sociopolitical Control Scale for Youth (SPCS-Y) among Black girls (N = 377) between the ages of 14-17 years old. We also examine the association with…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Blacks, Females, Adolescents
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Long, Madeleine; Shukla, Vishakha; Rubio-Fernandez, Paula – Child Development, 2021
Similes require two different pragmatic skills: appreciating the intended similarity and deriving a scalar implicature (e.g., "Lucy is like a parrot" normally implies that Lucy is not a parrot), but previous studies overlooked this second skill. In Experiment 1, preschoolers (N = 48; ages 3-5) understood "X is like a Y" as an…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Pragmatics, Preschool Children, Child Language
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Navarro Martell, Melissa Arabel – Association of Mexican American Educators Journal, 2021
Language usage in US K-12 classrooms and beyond continues to be an issue of equity (Navarro Martell, 2021; Palmer et al., 2019). Teachers expect racialized students who appear to be Latinx to know and perform as if their native language is Spanish, mientras a otros se les celebra sus intentos de usar el espan~ol; otro idioma colonizador. Some…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Language Usage, Code Switching (Language), Spanish
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Jabbari, Mahsa; Shahidi, Shahriar; Panaghi, Leili; Mazaheri, Mohammad Ali; Oberle, Eva – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2021
Character strengths are an important foundation for positive development and thriving in adolescence. Most research on character strengths has been conducted with youths in Western cultures. We examined character strengths in relation to positive and negative well-being indicators in a sample of Iranian youths. We investigated the reliability and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Middle School Students, Personality Traits
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Parks, Beth; Benze, Hans – Physics Teacher, 2022
Student misconceptions of the double-slit experiment (Fig. 1) are abundant. The most common ones that we observe include: (1) belief that constructive interference requires both pathlengths to be integer multiples of the wavelength ("L[subscript 1] = n[subscript 1][lambda]" and "L[subscript 2] = n[subscript 2][lambda]") rather…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Physics, Science Experiments
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Liu, Sabrina R.; Kia-Keating, Maryam; Modir, Sheila – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objectives: To understand predictors of first-year college adjustment in the context of collective trauma, including a school shooting. Participants: Two consecutive years of entering freshman (Year 1 (Y1) N = 169, Year 2 (Y2) N = 94) were surveyed over time: Y1 in October 2012 and March 2013, and Y2 in October 2013 and August 2014. During Y2,…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Student Adjustment, Trauma, Violence
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Ethridge, Lauren; Thaliath, Andrew; Kraff, Jeremy; Nijhawan, Karan; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Auditory processing abnormalities in fragile X syndrome (FXS) may contribute to difficulties with language development, pattern identification, and contextual updating. Participants with FXS (N = 41) and controls (N = 27) underwent auditory event-related potentials during presentation of an oddball paradigm. Data was adequate for analysis for 33…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Cognitive Processes, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Sochacki, James S.; Thelwell, Roger; Tongen, Anthony – PRIMUS, 2019
How should our students think about external forcing in differential equations setting, and how can we help them gain intuition? To address this question, we share a variety of problems and projects that explore the dynamics of the undamped forced spring-mass system. We provide a sequence of discovery-based exercises that foster physical and…
Descriptors: Calculus, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Models, Problem Solving
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Boakye, Naomi A. N. Y. – English Language Teaching, 2017
There have been a number of studies on reading interventions to improve students' reading proficiency, yet the majority of these interventions are undertaken with the assumption that students' reading challenges are obvious and generic in nature. The interventions do not take into consideration the diversity in students' reading backgrounds and…
Descriptors: Profiles, Intervention, Reading Programs, Sociology
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Papafragou, Anna; Friedberg, Carlyn; Cohen, Matthew L. – Child Development, 2018
During communication, conversational partners should offer as much information as is required and relevant. For instance, the statement "Some Xs Y" is infelicitous if one knows that all Xs Y. Do children understand the link between speaker knowledge and utterance strength? In Experiment 1, 5-year-olds (N = 32) but not 4-year-olds…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Inferences, Interpersonal Communication, Child Development
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Veyvoda, Michelle A.; Falk, Jodi L. – Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education, 2020
Kaiser's Room, a New York-based theater arts education organization; St. Francis de Sales School for the Deaf in Brooklyn, N.Y.; and the New York Deaf Theatre are piloting a theater arts program for deaf students with multiple disabilities. The goal: to develop a school-community partnership that provides culturally responsive, linguistically…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Comorbidity, Multiple Disabilities
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Kemp, Byron J.; Cliff, Dylan P.; Kariippanon, Katharina E.; Crowe, Ruth; Parrish, Anne-Maree – Sport, Education and Society, 2022
Participation in physical activity (PA) tends to decline between childhood and adolescence, and in Australia the bulk of this decline has been shown to occur in the domain of non-organised PA (e.g. active play, informal sports). A better understanding of the reasons for the decline in non-organised PA may support strategies to counter barriers and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Leisure Time
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Dutton, KaitlynG.; Lipke, Mark C. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2021
Frost diagrams provide convenient illustrations of the aqueous reduction potentials and thermodynamic tendencies of different oxidation states of an element. Undergraduate textbooks often describe the lowest point on a Frost diagram as the most stable oxidation state of the element, but this interpretation is misleading because the thermodynamic…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Science Instruction, Chemistry, Teaching Methods
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Donnelly, Lauren J.; Cervantes, Paige E.; Okparaeke, Eugene; Stein, Cheryl R.; Filton, Beryl; Kuriakose, Sarah; Havens, Jennifer; Horwitz, Sarah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
While youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are psychiatrically hospitalized at high rates, general psychiatric settings are not designed to meet their unique needs. Previous evaluations of an ASD-Care Pathway (ASD-CP) on a general psychiatric unit revealed sustained reductions in crisis interventions (intramuscular medication use,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Program Implementation, Fidelity
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