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Zaslavsky, Claudia; Crespo, Bianka – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2000
Describes a project in which students explore the Inka data recording system of knotted cords called quipus to reinforce understanding of place value. (YDS)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Lesson Plans, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Instruction
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Ascher, Marcia; D'Ambrosio, Ubiratan – For the Learning of Mathematics, 1994
Presents a dialogue about ethnomathematics that includes discussions of: quipus (knotted cords) as a form of language, difficulty in defining mathematics, culturally embedded mathematical ideas, philosophy and mathematics, quantification without giving meaning to numbers, and evolution in mathematical thinking. (MKR)
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnomathematics, Language Role
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Ascher, Marcia – Mathematics Magazine, 1992
Discusses two mathematical ideas that come from the Incan and Mayan cultures: (1) the quipus, an Incan recordkeeping tool that encoded data via a logical-numerical system on spatial arrays of colored, knotted cords; and (2) the link between recording time and counting in the Mayan culture. (MDH)
Descriptors: Coding, Data Processing, Foreign Culture, Higher Education
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Wainer, Howard – 1982
The past decade has seen a substantial growth in methods and schemes for the display of multivariate data. This paper encompasses a sketch of the history of multivariate displays, from the pre-Columbian Quipu to Chernoff's Face; examines a number of techniques; describes their construction; illustrates their use; and comments on their efficacy.…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Display Aids, Graphs, Multivariate Analysis