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Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Thiede, Keith W. – Grantee Submission, 2019
A set of four experiments assessed the effects of establishing a comprehension-test expectancy (in contrast to a memory-test expectancy) on relative metacomprehension accuracy. Typically readers show poor relative metacomprehension accuracy while learning from text (i.e., they are unable to discriminate topics they have understood well from topics…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Tests, Expectation
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Kaya, Gamze Inan – Educational Research and Reviews, 2018
The idea of "Apprenticeship of Observation", proposing that pre-service teachers' early academic experiences might have effects on their professional development, has been a concern in teacher education in the last forty years. Early success or failure experiences of pre-service teachers in school may have a role in their professional…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Memory
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Liddicoat, Kendra R.; Krasny, Marianne E. – Journal of Environmental Education, 2014
Residential outdoor environmental education (ROEE) programs for youth have been shown to yield lasting autobiographical episodic memories. This article explores how past program participants have used such memories, and draws on the memory psychology literature to offer a new perspective on the long-term impacts of environmental education.…
Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Environmental Education, Autobiographies, Memory
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Francis, Wendy S.; Strobach, E. Natalia; Penalver, Renee M.; Martínez, Michelle; Gurrola, Bianca V.; Soltero, Amaris – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Three source-memory experiments were conducted with Spanish-English bilinguals and monolingual English speakers matched on age, education, nonverbal cognitive ability and socioeconomic status. Bilingual language proficiency and dominance were assessed using standardized objective measures. In Experiment 1, source was manipulated visuo-spatially,…
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Short Term Memory, Context Effect, Concept Formation
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Letrud, Kåre; Hernes, Sigbjørn – Cogent Education, 2018
The family of cognitive models sometimes referred to as the "Learning Pyramid" enjoys a considerable level of authority within several areas of educational studies, despite that nobody knows how they originated or whether they were supported by any empirical evidence. This article investigates the early history of these models. Through…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Cognitive Style, Misconceptions, Neurosciences
Braithwaite, David W.; Siegler, Robert S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Fraction arithmetic is among the most important and difficult topics children encounter in elementary and middle school mathematics. Braithwaite, Pyke, and Siegler (2017) hypothesized that difficulties learning fraction arithmetic often reflect reliance on associative knowledge--rather than understanding of mathematical concepts and procedures--to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction
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Ricker, Timothy J.; Sandry, Joshua; Vergauwe, Evie; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
There is a long-standing debate over whether the passage of time causes forgetting from working memory, a process called trace decay. Researchers providing evidence against the existence of trace decay generally study memory by presenting familiar verbal memory items for 1 s or more per memory item, during the study period. In contrast,…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Short Term Memory, Time, Verbal Communication
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Hachmann, Wibke M.; Bogaerts, Louisa; Szmalec, Arnaud; Woumans, Evy; Duyck, Wouter; Job, Remo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
Recent findings suggest that people with dyslexia experience difficulties with the learning of serial order information during the transition from short-to long-term memory (Szmalec et al. "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition" 37(5): 1270-1279, 2011). At the same time, models of short-term memory…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Short Term Memory, Serial Ordering, Adults
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Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Wang, Michael, Ed. – Online Submission, 2020
This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2020, organized by the World Institute for Advanced Research and Science (W.I.A.R.S.), that this year had to be transformed into a fully Virtual Conference as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic. Modern…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology
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Varma, Sashank; Schleisman, Katrina B. – School Psychology Review, 2014
Incremental rehearsal (IR) is a flashcard technique that has been developed and evaluated by school psychologists. We discuss potential learning and memory effects from cognitive psychology that may explain the observed superiority of IR over other flashcard techniques. First, we propose that IR is a form of "spaced practice" that…
Descriptors: Drills (Practice), Instructional Materials, School Psychology, School Psychologists
Sorokina, Anastasia N. – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Language plays a crucial role in remembering, storing, maintaining, accessing, and sharing of memories. This evidence comes from the disciplines of psychoanalysis (Javier et al., 1993; Schwaneberg, 2010), developmental psychology (Fivush, 2011; Nelson, 2004), and bilingual memory (Larsen et al., 2002; Marian & Neisser, 2000). Some of the most…
Descriptors: Language Skill Attrition, Bilingualism, Long Term Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Kalbe, Felix; Schwabe, Lars – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Stimuli encoded shortly before an aversive event are typically well remembered. Traditionally, this emotional memory enhancement has been attributed to beneficial effects of physiological arousal on memory formation. Here, we proposed an additional mechanism and tested whether memory formation is driven by the unpredictable nature of aversive…
Descriptors: Prediction, Memory, Fear, Conditioning
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Puddifoot, Katherine; O'Donnell, Cian – Educational Theory, 2018
Human memory systems perform various functions beyond simple storage and retrieval of information. They link together information about events, build abstractions, and perform memory updating. In contrast, typical information storage and access technologies, such as note-taking applications and Wikipedia, tend to store information verbatim. In…
Descriptors: Memory, Technology Uses in Education, Information Sources, Information Storage
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Sweller, John; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G.; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory was introduced in the 1980s as an instructional design theory based on several uncontroversial aspects of human cognitive architecture. Our knowledge of many of the characteristics of working memory, long-term memory and the relations between them had been well-established for many decades prior to the introduction of the…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Instructional Design, Short Term Memory
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Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Wang, Michael, Ed. – Online Submission, 2019
This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019, organized by the World Institute for Advanced Research and Science (W.I.A.R.S.). Modern psychology offers a large range of scientific fields where it can be applied. The goal of understanding individuals and…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology
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