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No Child Left Behind Act 20011
Showing 61 to 75 of 122 results Save | Export
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Ganz, Jennifer B.; Earles-Vollrath, Theresa L.; Heath, Amy K.; Parker, Richard I.; Rispoli, Mandy J.; Duran, Jaime B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Many individuals with autism cannot speak or cannot speak intelligibly. A variety of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) approaches have been investigated. Most of the research on these approaches has been single-case research, with small numbers of participants. The purpose of this investigation was to meta-analyze the single…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Assistive Technology, Visual Aids, Nonverbal Communication
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Ostryn, Cheryl; Wolfe, Pamela S. – Infants and Young Children, 2011
Being a competent communicator is complex and goes beyond expressing simple needs and wants to include having the ability to ask and respond to wh-questions. For individuals with autism spectrum disorders who use pictures to communicate, initiating communications such as questions can be difficult and it has been shown that some picture systems do…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Children, Communication Skills
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Ganz, Jennifer B.; Davis, John L.; Lund, Emily M.; Goodwyn, Fara D.; Simpson, Richard L. – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a widely used picture/icon aided augmentative communication system designed for learners with autism and other developmental disorders. This meta-analysis analyzes the extant empirical literature for PECS relative to targeted (functional communication) and non-targeted concomitant outcomes…
Descriptors: Participant Characteristics, Multiple Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Autism
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Beck, Ann R.; Stoner, Julia B.; Bock, Stacey J.; Parton, Tom – Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 2008
This study compares use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and a Voice Output Communication Aide (VOCA) with four preschool children who were either non-speaking or limited in their ability to speak and did not use an AAC system to communicate functionally. An alternating treatment single subject design was used to measure…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Preschool Children, Developmental Disabilities, Autism
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Ziomek, M. M.; Rehfeldt, R. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
This study compared the total amount of training time and total number of trial blocks for individuals with severe developmental disabilities to acquire mands under control of unconditioned establishing operations and mands under control of transitive conditioned establishing operations for manual sign and for the Picture Exchange Communication…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Generalization, Comparative Analysis, Severe Disabilities
Ali, Emad – ProQuest LLC, 2009
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an augmentative and alternative communication program (Frost & Bondy, 2002). Although PECS has been effectively used to teach functional requesting skills for children with autism, mental retardation, visual impairment, and physical disabilities (e.g., Anderson, Moore, & Bourne, 2007; Chambers &…
Descriptors: Intervention, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Visual Impairments, Physical Disabilities
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Fittipaldi-Wert, Jeanine; Mowling, Claire M. – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (JOPERD), 2009
Due to deficits in communication, students with autism experience anxiety and confusion, which cause withdrawal and disruptive behaviors. However, teachers can create a positive educational environment that will facilitate learning by having an understanding of autism and of the characteristics associated with children with autism. One important…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Autism, Educational Environment, Teaching Methods
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Howlin, Patricia; Gordon, R. Kate; Pasco, Greg; Wade, Angie; Charman, Tony – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of expert training and consultancy for teachers of children with autism spectrum disorder in the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Method: Design: Group randomised, controlled trial (3 groups: immediate treatment, delayed treatment, no treatment). Participants: 84 elementary school…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Autism, Language Tests, Training
Williams, Betty Fry; Williams, Randy Lee – Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2011
"Effective Programs for Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder" is written for teachers, parents, and the many service providers who work with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Part one reviews the characteristics of ASD, summarizes major theories and research findings regarding cause(s) of ASD, and discusses the most popular…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Program Effectiveness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bondy, A.; Tincani, M.; Frost, L. – Behavior Analyst, 2004
This paper presents Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior as a framework for understanding language acquisition in children with autism. We describe Skinner's analysis of pure and impure verbal operants and illustrate how this analysis may be applied to the design of communication training programs. The picture exchange communication system…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Language Acquisition, Autism, Interpersonal Communication
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Malandraki, Georgia A.; Okalidou, Areti – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2007
A 10-year-old nonverbal Greek boy, C.Z., who had been diagnosed with both bilateral sensorineural profound hearing loss and autism, was taught to use the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), with some modifications and extensions, over a 4-month intensive intervention period. C.Z.'s original communication and behavioral status as well as…
Descriptors: Intervention, Hearing (Physiology), Autism, Deafness
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Magiati, Iliana; Howlin, Patricia – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2003
A study evaluated the effects of training 47 teachers of children with autism in the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Following training, significant, rapid increases were recorded in the level of PECS attained by the students (n=34), in students' PECS vocabulary, and in students' use of PECS. (Contains references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Autism, Communication Skills, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
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Tincani, Matt; Crozier, Shannon; Alazett, Shannon – Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 2006
We examined the effects of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS; Frost & Bondy, 2002) on the manding (requesting) and speech development of school-aged children with autism. In study 1, two participants, Damian and Bob, were taught PECS within a delayed multiple baseline design. Both participants demonstrated increased levels of manding…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Preadolescents
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McConkey, Roy; Truesdale-Kennedy, Maria; Crawford, Heather; McGreevy, Elaine; Reavey, Michaela; Cassidy, Arlene – Early Child Development and Care, 2010
The complexities that practitioners face in evaluating interventions are illustrated in this article. An early intervention programme (known as Keyhole), based mainly around Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communications handicapped CHildren (TEACCH), Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and Hanen approaches, was delivered…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Home Visits, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children
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Ganz, Jennifer B.; Simpson, Richard L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
Few studies on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems have addressed the potential for such systems to impact word utterances in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an AAC system designed specifically to minimize difficulties with communication skills experienced by…
Descriptors: Young Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Communication Skills
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