ERIC Number: EJ1089163
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Predictive Validity of Early Literacy Measures for Korean English Language Learners in the United States
Han, Jeanie Nam; Vanderwood, Michael L.; Lee, Catherine Y.
International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, v3 n3 p178-188 2015
This study examined the predictive validity of early literacy measures with first-grade Korean English language learners (ELLs) in the United States at varying levels of English proficiency. Participants were screened using Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF), DIBELS Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF), and Word Identification Fluency (WIF). Reading outcome measures included DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency (DORF) and the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (WRMT). Data were analyzed using correlation analyses, regression analyses, and receiver operating characteristic analyses. Results highlighted the role of WIF as a screening measure. Among all measures, WIF was the most correlated with reading outcomes for all groups and made a meaningful contribution in predicting reading outcomes after controlling for PSF and NWF. Specifically, WIF contributed an additional 30% to 42% of the variance in reading outcomes. There is also preliminary evidence that predictive validity varies by English proficiency level. Regarding predictive accuracy, sensitivity values for PSF and NWF were 73% or higher and specificity values were 68% or higher. An exploratory analysis to determine optimal cut-scores for the screeners was conducted. The optimal cut-scores for WIF yielded the highest levels of predictive accuracy with sensitivity and specificity values greater than 92%.
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Korean Americans, English Language Learners, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Reading Skills, Correlation, Regression (Statistics), Screening Tests, Language Proficiency, Emergent Literacy, Reading Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS); Woodcock Reading Mastery Test