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ERIC Number: EJ941016
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Polymer Molecular Weight Analysis by [Superscript 1]H NMR Spectroscopy
Izunobi, Josephat U.; Higginbotham, Clement L.
Journal of Chemical Education, v88 n8 p1098-1104 Aug 2011
The measurement and analysis of molecular weight and molecular weight distribution remain matters of fundamental importance for the characterization and physical properties of polymers. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is the most routinely used method for the molecular weight determination of polymers whereas matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a fast-emerging absolute, and therefore accurate, technique. Although NMR spectroscopy is one of the most powerful tools available for polymer microstructure characterization, among others, its utility in the molecular weight analysis of polymers is somewhat underappreciated. It is a reliable and more readily available teaching tool in comparison to other known techniques, such as GPC and MALDI-TOF MS, for the molecular weight determination of polymers. Demonstrated herein are the simplicity, reproducibility, and convenience of [superscript 1]H NMR spectroscopy in the analysis of polymer number-average molecular weight (M[subscript n]), using alpha-methoxy-omega-aminopolyethylene glycol (MPEG-NH[subscript 2]) and alpha-methoxy-polyethylene glycol-"block"-poly-epsilon-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine (MPEG-"b"-PLL(Z)) as model homopolymer and block copolymer, respectively. The molecular weight data from [superscript 1]H NMR analysis are compared to those from GPC and MALDI-TOF MS. (Contains 2 tables and 3 notes.)
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A