ERIC Number: EJ1073352
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Exploring Student Preferences with a Q-Sort: The Development of an Individualized Renal Physiology Curriculum
Roberts, John K.; Hargett, Charles W.; Nagler, Alisa; Jakoi, Emma; Lehrich, Ruediger W.
Advances in Physiology Education, v39 n3 p149-157 Sep 2015
Medical education reform is underway, but the optimal course for change has yet to be seen. While planning for the redesign of a renal physiology course at the Duke School of Medicine, the authors used a Q-sort survey to assess students' attitudes and learning preferences to inform curricular change. The authors invited first-year medical students at the Duke School of Medicine to take a Q-sort survey on the first day of renal physiology. Students prioritized statements related to their understanding of renal physiology, learning preferences, preferred course characteristics, perceived clinical relevance of renal physiology, and interest in nephrology as a career. By-person factor analysis was performed using the centroid method. Three dominant factors were strongly defined by learning preferences: "readers" prefer using notes, a textbook, and avoid lectures; "social-auditory learners" prefer attending lectures, interactivity, and working with peers; and "visual learners" prefer studying images, diagrams, and viewing materials online. A smaller, fourth factor represented a small group of students with a strong predisposition against renal physiology and nephrology. In conclusion, the Q-sort survey identified and then described in detail the dominant viewpoints of our students. Learning style preferences better classified first-year students rather than any of the other domains. A more individualized curriculum would simultaneously cater to the different types of learners in the classroom.
Descriptors: Preferences, Physiology, Individualized Education Programs, Curriculum Development, Medical Education, Student Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Student Surveys, College Freshmen, Q Methodology, Cognitive Style, Student Interests, Occupational Aspiration, Factor Analysis, Knowledge Level, Relevance (Education), Course Descriptions, Multivariate Analysis, Medical Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5-T32-DK- 007731