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ERIC Number: EJ988029
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0190-2725
Identity Crises in Love and at Work: Dispositional Optimism as a Durable Personal Resource
Andersson, Matthew A.
Social Psychology Quarterly, v75 n4 p290-309 Dec 2012
Using the 2004 General Social Survey (N = 453), the identity stress process is investigated in terms of crises in intimate relationships and at the workplace. I discuss dispositional optimism as a psychological resource that is relatively independent of the situation and the self, making it ideal for structurally disadvantaged actors and for navigating crises that diminish self-based personal resources such as self-esteem. Consistent with this logic, dispositional optimism was associated with increases in self-esteem and self-rated health net of emotional stability; its effect on these outcomes intensified around the time of relationship crises and was stronger for women than for men. Moreover, optimism was more vital to self-rated health than self-esteem during either type of crisis, suggesting it may be a uniquely durable psychological resource in the stress process. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables and 5 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Social Survey