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Hartman, Joel L. – EDUCAUSE Review, 2008
Information technology has been an important part of higher education since the development of the lantern slide in the mid-1800s. However, occasions in which the academy has been "transformed" by technology are rare. Viewed in a historical perspective, these occasions can be considered as a series of three epochs: the online public-access catalog…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Information Technology, Educational Technology, Learning Theories
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Kalin, Sally W. – RQ, 1991
Discusses the needs of remote users of online public access catalogs (OPACs). User expectations are discussed; problems encountered by remote-access users are examined, including technical problems and searching problems; support services are described, including instruction, print guides, and online help; and differences from the needs of…
Descriptors: Access to Information, Library Catalogs, Library Instruction, Library Services
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Matthews, Joseph R. – Information Services & Use, 1994
Describes the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) and the inclusion of abstracting and indexing industry databases in OPACs. Topics addressed include the implications of including abstracting and indexing tape and CD-ROM products in OPACs; the need for standards allowing library systems to communicate with dissimilar CD-ROM products; and computer,…
Descriptors: Abstracting, Bibliographic Databases, Business, Computer Networks
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Sandler, Mark – RQ, 1985
Discusses several concerns about nature of online public access catalogs (OPAC) that have particular import to reference librarians: user passivity and loss of control growing out of "human-machine interface" and the larger social context; and the tendency of computerized bibliographic systems to obfuscate human origins of library…
Descriptors: Academic Libraries, Display Systems, Higher Education, Information Systems
Solomon, Paul – School Library Media Quarterly, 1994
Examines elementary school students' use of an online public access catalog to investigate the interaction between children, technology, curriculum, instruction, and learning. Highlights include patterns of successes and breakdowns; search strategies; instructional approaches and childrens' interests; structure of interaction; search terms; and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Childhood Interests, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Rockman, Ilene F.; Adalian, Paul T., Jr. – 1987
This report is designed to raise issues and concerns which will affect the successful implementation of an education and training program once an online public access catalog (OLPAC) has been installed in the Kennedy Library at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo. Information presented in the document was gathered…
Descriptors: Academic Libraries, Costs, Higher Education, Instructional Materials
Kilgour, Frederick G. – Library Journal, 1984
A review of library technological development and card catalog innovations of the past century and a half precedes a discussion of online public access catalog development. Design requirements and purpose of the online catalog, access techniques and provisions, costs, and future integration are highlighted. Twenty-two references are listed. (EJS)
Descriptors: Cataloging, Computer Oriented Programs, Design Requirements, Library Automation
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Richards, Timothy F. – Journal of Academic Librarianship, 1984
Discusses key issues to be addressed in planning for introduction of online public access catalog in academic research library environment. Purpose of catalog, reasons to adopt catalog, user behavior, use of catalog records, authority control, shared or unique systems, and impact on staff are highlighted. Seventy-three sources are cited. (EJS)
Descriptors: Academic Libraries, Cataloging, Higher Education, Information Retrieval
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Miller, William – Research Strategies, 1986
This essay offers suggestions to make online public access catalogs (OPACs) less idiosyncratic and more usable. Discussion covers qualitative difference between online catalog and predecessors, challenge of debunking assumptions, skills for success, maintaining an instructional perspective, catalog development for the people by the people, and the…
Descriptors: Display Systems, Information Systems, Library Catalogs, Library Instruction
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Su, Shiao-Feng – Library Quarterly, 1994
Traces the development of online public access catalogs (OPACs) and compares what has occurred with a 1964 article that outlined recommendations for a future card catalog. Subject access is emphasized, including Library of Congress Subject Headings, expansion of OPACs, user-friendly interfaces, new technologies, and current visions of the future…
Descriptors: Futures (of Society), Library Catalogs, Online Catalogs, Subject Index Terms
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Khoo, Christopher S. G.; Poo, Danny C. C. – Information Processing and Management, 1994
Reviews methods to improve online catalogs for subject searching and describes the design of an expert system front-end to improve subject access in online public access catalogs that focuses on search strategies. Implementation of a prototype system at the National University of Singapore is described, and reformulation strategies are discussed.…
Descriptors: Expert Systems, Higher Education, Library Catalogs, Literature Reviews
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Weiskel, Timothy C. – Library Hi Tech, 1991
An online system designed to help global environmental research, the electronic research system called Eco-Link draws data from various electronic sources including online catalogs and databases, CD-ROMs, electronic news sources, and electronic data subscription services to produce briefing booklets on environmental issues. It can be accessed by…
Descriptors: Access to Information, Computer Networks, Databases, Environmental Research
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Cochrane, Pauline A. – Technicalities, 1989
Reviews the problems of users of online public access catalogs and argues that it is necessary to think of all searching problems as systems problems rather than user failures, and to concentrate research in the area of systems enhancements. A list of improved tools needed for subject searching in online catalogs is identified. (CLB)
Descriptors: Online Catalogs, Online Searching, Research Needs, Search Strategies
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Culkin, Patricia B. – Information Technology and Libraries, 1989
Discusses the need to reassess the objectives of online public access catalogs and how those objectives might be met before costly investments are made in electronic versions of "other data" for online catalogs. Several objectives are outlined and their feasibility in the modern telecommunications environment is examined. (two references) (CLB)
Descriptors: Bibliographic Databases, Educational Objectives, Higher Education, Information Systems
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Hildreth, Charles R. – Information Technology and Libraries, 1983
This editorial addresses the issue of whether or not to provide free-text, keyword/boolean search capabilities in the information retrieval mechanisms of online public access catalogs and discusses online catalogs developed prior to 1980--keyword searching, phrase searching, and precoordination and postcoordination. (EJS)
Descriptors: Information Retrieval, Library Catalogs, Library Planning, Online Systems
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