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Showing 1 to 15 of 57 results Save | Export
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Li, Ya-Min; Ou, Jian-Jun; Liu, Li; Zhang, Dan; Zhao, Jing-Ping; Tang, Si-Yuan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
As the link between maternal obesity and risk of autism among offspring is unclear, the present study assessed this association. A systematic search of an electronic database was performed to identify observational studies that examined the association between maternal obesity and autism. The outcome measures were odds ratios comparing offspring…
Descriptors: Obesity, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Meta Analysis
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Camerota, Marie; Willoughby, Michael T. – Child Development, 2020
Little research has considered whether prenatal experience contributes to executive function (EF) development above and beyond postnatal experience. This study tests direct, mediated, and moderated associations between prenatal risk factors and preschool EF and IQ in a longitudinal sample of 1,292 children from the Family Life Project. A composite…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Risk, Predictor Variables, Preschool Children
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Levitan, Robert D.; Jansen, Pauline; Wendland, Barbara; Tiemeier, Henning; Jaddoe, Vincent W.; Silveira, Patricia P.; Kennedy, James L.; Atkinson, Leslie; Fleming, Alison; Sokolowski, Marla; Gaudreau, Helene; Steiner, Meir; Dubé, Laurette; Hamilton, Jill; Moss, Ellen; Wazana, Ashley; Meaney, Michael – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017
Background: Recent evidence suggests that early exposure to low maternal sensitivity is a risk factor for obesity in children and adolescents. A separate line of study shows that the seven-repeat (7R) allele of the dopamine-4 receptor gene (DRD4) increases susceptibility to environmental factors including maternal sensitivity. The current study…
Descriptors: Risk, Prediction, Obesity, Preschool Children
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Knowlden, Adam P.; Conrad, Eric – Health Education & Behavior, 2018
Background: Childhood overweight and obesity is a public health epidemic with far-reaching medical, economic, and quality of life consequences. Brief, web-based interventions have received increased attention for their potential to combat childhood obesity. The purpose of our study was to evaluate a web-based, maternal-facilitated childhood…
Descriptors: Prevention, Obesity, Mothers, Parent Education
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Rodriguez, Alina – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: This study aimed to replicate and extend previous work showing an association between maternal pre-pregnancy adiposity and risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children. Methods: A Swedish population-based prospective pregnancy-offspring cohort was followed up when children were 5 years old (N = 1,714).…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Pregnancy
Keen, Valencia Browning; Potts, Claudia Sealey – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2011
Remedying childhood obesity cannot take place without first identifying relevant issues commonly influencing gatekeepers of food for children as well as the role modeling for encouraging or discouraging daily activities. Children cannot drive to the store, form grocery lists or complete menu management tasks without adult assistance. Excessive…
Descriptors: Disease Control, Obesity, Body Composition, Females
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Smith, Debbie M.; Ward, Christine; Forbes, Shareen; Reynolds, Rebecca M.; Denison, Fiona C. – Health Education Journal, 2013
Objective: Maternal obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] greater than or equal to 30kg/m([superscript 2]) is associated with numerous maternal and fetal complications. Recent guidelines have called for advice to be given to women as pregnancy is a good time for intervention as due to women's motivations for change being high and changes may impact on…
Descriptors: Obesity, Pregnancy, Body Weight, Body Composition
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Whitaker, Robert C.; Phillips, Shannon M.; Orzol, Sean M.; Burdette, Hillary L. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2007
Objective: To determine whether child maltreatment is associated with obesity in preschool children. Methods: Data were obtained from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth cohort study of 4898 children born between 1998 and 2000 in 20 large US cities. At 3 years of age, 2412 of these children had their height and weight measured,…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Obesity, Marital Status, Child Abuse
Sen, Bisakha; Mennemeyer, Stephen; Gary, Lisa C. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009
It has long been posited by scientists that we need to have a better understanding in the role that larger contextual factors -- like neighborhood quality and the built environment -- may have on the nation's obesity crisis. This paper explores whether maternal perceptions of neighborhood quality affect children's bodyweight outcomes, and whether…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Obesity, Whites, Family Income
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Benton, Pree; Skouteris, Helen; Hayden, Melissa – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
The primary aim of the present study was to cross-sectionally examine the associations between maternal psychosocial variables, child feeding practices, and preschooler body mass index z-score (BMI-z) in children (aged 2-4 years). A secondary aim was to examine differences in child weight outcomes between mothers scoring above and below specified…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Lizama-González, D. V.; Ramos-Ramírez, M. J.; Lozano-Contreras, C. L.; Bricio-Barrios, J. A.; Sanchez-Ramirez, C. A. – Early Child Development and Care, 2020
To identify the concordance between the nutritional status of preschoolers and the maternal perception of the children's nutritional status and physical appearance, a cross-sectional study was conducted and included 165 randomly selected preschoolers. The BMI-for-age was calculated in the preschoolers and their mothers were asked to give their…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Nutrition
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Izquierdo-Gomez, Rocio; Marques, Alexandre – International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Objectives: The aim was to examine the association of potential socioeconomic indicators with obesity and physical fitness components in south Brazilian adolescents with Down syndrome. Methods: This study comprised a total of 1249 (669 boys) adolescents with Down syndrome aged 10 to 20 with complete baseline data. Socioeconomic indicators were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Down Syndrome, Socioeconomic Status
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Innella, Nancy; McNaughton, Diane; Schoeny, Michael; Tangney, Christy; Breitenstein, Susan; Reed, Monique; Wilbur, Joellen – Journal of School Nursing, 2019
Although obesogenic behaviors (physical activity and/or sedentary behavior and dietary intake) are known predictors of childhood weight status, little is known about mother and child behaviors contributing to obesogenic behaviors and obesity in Hispanic preschool children, whose obesity rate is higher than in non-Hispanic Whites and non-Hispanic…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Mothers, Eating Habits, Predictor Variables
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Coley, Rebekah Levine; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran – Early Child Development and Care, 2012
Research indicates a link between maternal employment and children's risk of obesity, but little prior work has addressed maternal employment during children's infancy. This study examined the timing and intensity of early maternal employment and associations with children's later overweight and obesity in a sample of low-income families in…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Labor Market, Obesity, Economically Disadvantaged
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Ritchie, Lorrene D.; And Others – California Agriculture, 1995
Among 152 low-income Mexican American mothers and 350 children in San Jose (California) and rural Tulare County, about half of mothers and 14% of children were overweight. Nine percent of rural children and 17% of urban children were unusually short. Maternal obesity was related to acculturation factors, whereas child height was related to…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Body Height, Body Weight, Children
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