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Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Carlson, Jordan A.; Conway, Terry L.; Cain, Kelli L.; Saelens, Brian E.; Frank, Lawrence D.; Glanz, Karen; Roman, Caterina G.; Sallis, James F. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between adolescent and parental perceptions of neighborhood safety and adolescents' physical activity in multiple locations and to investigate the moderating effect of sex within this association. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 928 adolescents aged 12 to 16…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Parent Attitudes, Neighborhoods, Safety
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Candipan, Jennifer – Sociology of Education, 2020
School choice expansion in recent decades has weakened the strong link between neighborhoods and schools created under a strict residence-based school assignment system, decoupling residential and school enrollment decisions for some families. Recent work suggests that the neighborhood-school link is weakening the most in neighborhoods…
Descriptors: School Choice, Neighborhoods, Social Class, Disadvantaged
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Pearman, Francis A., II – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This study drew data from a randomized trial of a statewide prekindergarten program in Tennessee and presents new evidence on the impacts of preK on third-grade achievement using administrative data on children's neighborhood environments. Results indicate that preK had no measurable impact on children's third-grade math achievement regardless of…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Poverty, Neighborhoods
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Cathorall, Michelle L.; Xin, Huaibo; Peachey, Andrew; Bibeau, Daniel L.; Schulz, Mark; Aronson, Robert – American Journal of Health Education, 2015
Purpose: To examine the extent to which neighborhood disadvantage accounts for variation in blood pressure. Methods: Demographic, biometric, and self-reported data from 19,261 health screenings were used. Addresses of participants were geocoded and located within census block groups (n = 14,510, 75.3%). Three hierarchical linear models were…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Hypertension, Demography, Stress Variables
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Back, Susan Malone; Tseng, Wan-Chun; Li, Jiaqi; Wang, Yuanhua; Phan, Van Thanh; Yeter, Ibrahim Halil – Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 2015
As a requirement for a federal neighborhood revitalization grant, the authors trained resident interviewers and coordinated the conduct of more than 1000 door-to-door interviews of a stratified random sample. The targeted area was a multiethnic, lower income neighborhood that continues to experience the effects of past segregation. Monitoring and…
Descriptors: Interviews, Neighborhoods, Racial Segregation, Community Development
Moore, Kristin Anderson; Paschall, Katherine; Pina, Gabriel; Anderson, Samantha – Child Trends, 2020
Because families are the first nurturers and educators of their children, it is helpful for policymakers and other stakeholders to understand how family characteristics, the activities in which families engage, and their neighborhood circumstances are associated with preschool children's health and readiness for learning. The analyses presented in…
Descriptors: Family Influence, Family Characteristics, Family Environment, Neighborhoods
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Bettini, Elizabeth; Mason-Williams, Loretta; Barber, Brian R. – Journal of Special Education, 2020
Principals bear primary responsibility for supporting teachers. Principal leadership is especially important in alternative educational settings (AES; e.g., alternative schools, self-contained special education schools) that serve students with more substantial learning and behavioral needs, often with less-qualified and experienced teachers. We…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Qualifications, Leadership Responsibility, Nontraditional Education
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Hamlin, Daniel; Li, Angran – Journal of School Violence, 2020
Schools located in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods report disproportionately high rates of crime and violence. Theoretical reasoning suggests that school-based parent participation may lead to improved school safety in these settings, but little empirical work has tested this relationship. This study examines the relationship between…
Descriptors: School Safety, Urban Areas, Crime, Neighborhoods
Caetano, Gregorio S.; Macartney, Hugh – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We develop a novel strategy to identify the relative importance of school and neighborhood factors in determining school segregation. Using detailed student enrollment and residential location data, our research design compares differences in student composition between adjacent Census blocks served by different schools to analogous differences…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Neighborhoods, Enrollment, Place of Residence
McWilliams, Julia Ann – Policy Futures in Education, 2017
Social scientists have begun to document the stratifying effects of over a decade of unprecedented charter growth in urban districts. An exodus of students from traditional neighborhood schools to charter schools has attended this growth, creating troubling numbers of vacant seats in neighborhood schools as well as concentrating larger percentages…
Descriptors: Neighborhood Schools, Social Bias, Negative Attitudes, School Choice
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Jones, Adrian M.; Adams, Richard E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2020
We use social learning, self-control, and social disorganization theories to develop hypotheses related to tobacco and alcohol use among a racially diverse sample of Chicago adolescents. Data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods were used to test models that examine relationships between neighborhood-level and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Smoking, Drinking, Correlation
Halfond, Jay A. – New England Journal of Higher Education, 2012
Only a generation ago, universities like Northeastern and Boston University had campuses strategically sprinkled throughout eastern Massachusetts. Lesley University offered graduate education programs across the U.S. BU had a contract with the U.S. Army to deliver master's programs on military bases throughout Europe. Mega-high-tech companies,…
Descriptors: Campuses, Higher Education, Community Colleges, Two Year Colleges
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Drinkard, Allyson M. – Youth & Society, 2017
Prosociality, conceptualized as a willingness to help, to be fair, and to be friendly to others, is essential to the maintenance of a civil society and has been linked with multiple measures of individual well-being. This study examines how individual, family, and neighborhood factors affect adolescents' level of prosociality and tests for…
Descriptors: Urban Youth, Adolescents, Prosocial Behavior, Family Influence
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Lund, Rolf Lyneborg – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Place of living has been associated with a variety of effects but is often considered stationary. Newer research reveals that the accumulation of deprivation conveys many of the effects that were initially thought to be captured by place of birth or current place of living; however, the view of accumulation as a static entity implies that only the…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Educational Attainment, Educational Mobility, Disadvantaged Environment
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Lareau, Annette; Jo, Hyejeong – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article is a commentary on "Unwrapping the Suburban "Package Deal": Race, Class, and School Access," by Anna Rhodes and Siri Warkentien. Although guided by powerful ideals of equal opportunity, American schools are deeply unequal. As historians of education have taught, children of different racial, ethnic, and class…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Racial Bias, Social Bias, Social Class
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