ERIC Number: EJ993670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Mindsets and Human Nature: Promoting Change in the Middle East, the Schoolyard, the Racial Divide, and Willpower
Dweck, Carol S.
American Psychologist, v67 n8 p614-622 Nov 2012
Debates about human nature often revolve around what is built in. However, the hallmark of human nature is how much of a person's identity is not built in; rather, it is humans' great capacity to adapt, change, and grow. This nature versus nurture debate matters--not only to students of human nature--but to everyone. It matters whether people believe that their core qualities are fixed by nature (an entity theory, or fixed mindset) or whether they believe that their qualities can be developed (an incremental theory, or growth mindset). In this article, I show that an emphasis on growth not only increases intellectual achievement but can also advance conflict resolution between long-standing adversaries, decrease even chronic aggression, foster cross-race relations, and enhance willpower. I close by returning to human nature and considering how it is best conceptualized and studied.
Descriptors: Intelligence, Racial Relations, Race, Foreign Countries, Conflict Resolution, Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Racial Identification, Control Groups, Aggression, Stereotypes, Racial Attitudes, Jews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel; Palestine