ERIC Number: EJ684698
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Do Assault-Related Variables Predict Response to Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for PTSD?
Hembree, Elizabeth A.; Street, Gordon P.; Riggs, David S.; Foa, Edna B.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v72 n3 p531-534 Jun 2004
This study examined the hypothesis that variables such as history of prior trauma, assault severity, and type of assault, previously found to be associated with natural recovery, would also predict treatment outcome. Trauma-related variables were examined as predictors of posttreatment posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity in a sample of 73 female assault victims with chronic PTSD who completed treatment in a comparative outcome study (E. B. Foa et al., 1999). Results indicated that after controlling for initial severity of PTSD symptoms, the experience of trauma in childhood and sustaining physical injury during the adult assault were predictive of greater PTSD severity following treatment.
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Behavior Modification, Cognitive Restructuring, Predictor Variables, Violence, Females, Children, Injuries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A