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Baker, Kay M. – NAMTA Journal, 2003
Asserts that although there are distinct characteristics to each of Montessori's planes of development, there is no separation, especially between early childhood and childhood. Suggests that these first two planes of education could fall under one "Children's House," and points to the path of responsibility and the steps toward living in society…
Descriptors: Child Development, Developmental Stages, Early Childhood Education, Educational Philosophy
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Capra, Fritjof – NAMTA Journal, 2003
Presents fundamentals of systems thinking and sustainability within an ecological theory to shape education to the needs of human development in relation to the environment. Emphasizes that effective learning is a system embedded in the web of life, giving humans the ability to see the interconnectedness of the environment, community, and the…
Descriptors: Ecology, Educational Change, Educational Theories, Montessori Method
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Ludick, Pat – NAMTA Journal, 2001
Draws on a comparison of the characteristics of early childhood and early adolescence to comment on the culture of civility for adolescents. Discusses how Montessori adolescent psychology reiterates the role of the environment, the importance of work, the mindfulness of movement, the savoring of silence, the beauty of language, lessons in grace…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Behavior, Adolescent Development, Adolescents
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Rathunde, Kevin – NAMTA Journal, 2001
Delineates the mismatch between adolescent needs and school contexts, pointing out necessity for more hand-and- head work for better integration of abstract and concrete processes, sensory richness, and a variety of engagement opportunities. Suggests that schools move beyond the usual precollegiate over-emphasis on higher reasoning skills,…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Childhood Needs, Educational Environment
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Moore, Marianne – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Discusses the interpretive nature of Montessori education by characterizing the Montessori teacher as an observer of a living, growing, human design. Describes experiences working with Mother Isabel Eugenie in Philadelphia during the 1960s. (JPB)
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Practices, Educational Theories, Montessori Method
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Stephenson, Margaret E. – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Describes a combination day care/Montessori school in London during World War II to illustrate how Montessori principles of order, care, and respect can exist through the environment and throughout the day. Suggests a family-like situation for non- classroom time, discussing meals as social occasions, the importance of grooming, playtime, the use…
Descriptors: Child Development, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Educational Environment
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Stephenson, Margaret E. – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Discusses the basic discoveries of Montessori's Casa dei Bambini. Considers principles of Montessori's organizing theory: the absorbent mind, the unfolding nature of life, the spiritual embryo, self-construction, acquisition of culture, creativity of life, repetition of exercise, freedom within limits, children's discovery of knowledge, the secret…
Descriptors: Child Development, Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Educational Practices
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Stephenson, Margaret E. – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Describes how the Absorbent Mind uses human tendencies during the first 6 years of life to construct one's own individual self. Maintains that the adult's task is to form the link between the child and the environment so that the human tendencies to explore, orient, order, work, repeat, control errors, be exact, create, invent, and communicate can…
Descriptors: Adult Child Relationship, Child Development, Early Childhood Education, Educational Environment
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Stephenson, Margaret E. – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Summarizes the four planes of development and the role of Montessori education in each plane. Notes that there has been no full implementation of Montessori's ideas for adolescents. Maintains that adolescents will benefit from a Montessori adolescent program only if they have participated in previous Montessori programs. Describes how…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Curriculum, Developmental Continuity
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Stephenson, Margaret E. – NAMTA Journal, 2000
Discusses Maria Montessori's view of the elementary child's educational needs. Maintains that older children need opportunities to use their reasoning abilities to come to a state of peace, stability, and security at the second plane of development. Discusses the teacher's role in cosmic education to incite curiosity and to teach responsibility.…
Descriptors: Child Development, Childhood Needs, Children, Educational Needs
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Hilliard, Asa G. – NAMTA Journal, 1996
Describes the view of intelligence in Montessori education and dismisses a variety of limited and dehumanizing models of education. Refers to the Montessori model as a "human metaphor" that actually responds to who children are and what they need, and extends that metaphor to the world community at large, encompassing the author's spiritual…
Descriptors: Childhood Needs, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Style, Educational Theories
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Kahn, David – NAMTA Journal, 1996
Claims that "Montessori Today" concretizes the Montessori developmental continuum from birth to adulthood for the first time in book form in a comfortable and unassuming style. States that the book coherently expresses the coalescing four planes of development, with a final review of what the Montessori adult of the future might be like.…
Descriptors: Child Development, Early Childhood Education, Educational Objectives, Educational Theories
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Grazzini, Camillo – NAMTA Journal, 1996
Presents two charts designed by Maria Montessori to illustrate the four planes of development. Claims that Montessori's meticulously researched commentary signals an emerging organic vision of the developmental continuum from birth to adulthood that is relevant to the educational needs of our time. (MOK)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Child Development, Children
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Bohm, Winfried – NAMTA Journal, 1999
Asserts that Maria Montessori's concept of education is a theory, explaining that Montessori did not teach a method, but rather a vision for child development. Compares Montessori theory with five other educational theories. Emphasizes the power of different visionary, utopian educational theories which seek a definition of humans and their aims.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories, Foundations of Education
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Montessori, Mario M. – NAMTA Journal, 1998
Describes the experiences of Maria Montessori and her son, Mario, during their internment in India during World War II. Discusses how their observations of communities of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Zoroastrians at the Theosophical Society contributed to ideas related to the absorbent mind, and enabled the extension of the…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Educational Principles, Educational Theories
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