ERIC Number: EJ731436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Social Policy Reforms and Daughters' Schooling in Vietnam
Belanger, Daniele; Liu, Jianye
International Journal of Educational Development, v24 n1 p23-38 Jan 2004
Vietnam's social policy reforms in the transition to a market economy included the introduction of fees for primary and secondary school in the late 1980s. Using data from the Viet Nam Living Standards Surveys, this paper examines how the increasing costs of education to households have impacted on school enrollment between 1993 and 1998, giving special attention to daughters' schooling. Data shows that, despite rising costs for education, enrollment rates have increased. A multivariate analysis indicates that, compared to sons, daughters' school enrollment at ages 11-18 yr is much more responsive to household characteristics. Among poor families, daughters' schooling is particularly vulnerable.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Free Enterprise System, Daughters, Costs, Multivariate Analysis, Living Standards, Public Policy, Primary Education, Secondary Education, Community Surveys, Enrollment Trends, Family Characteristics, Poverty
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Vietnam