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ERIC Number: EJ1181282
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Explaining the Association between Music Training and Reading in Adults
Swaminathan, Swathi; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Venkatesan, Kirthika
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v44 n6 p992-999 Jun 2018
We sought to clarify whether the positive association between music lessons and reading ability is explained better by shared resources for processing pitch and temporal information, or by general cognitive abilities. Participants were native and nonnative speakers of English with varying levels of music training. We measured reading ability (comprehension and speed), music-perception skills (melody and rhythm), general cognitive ability (nonverbal intelligence, short-term memory, and working memory), and socioeconomic status (SES; family income, parents' education). Reading ability was associated positively with music training, English as a native language, and general cognitive ability. The association between reading and music training was significant after SES, native language, and music-perception skills were controlled. After general cognitive abilities were held constant, however, there was no longer an association between reading and music training. These findings suggest that the association between reading ability and music training is a consequence of general cognitive abilities.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; Nelson Denny Reading Tests