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Ullman, M.T.; Pancheva, R.; Love, T.; Yee, E.; Swinney, D.; Hickok, G. – Brain and Language, 2005
Are the linguistic forms that are memorized in the mental lexicon and those that are specified by the rules of grammar subserved by distinct neurocognitive systems or by a single computational system with relatively broad anatomic distribution? On a dual-system view, the productive -ed-suffixation of English regular past tense forms (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Memory, Dictionaries, Aphasia
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Olsen, James R. – Mathematics Teacher, 2015
After studying the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and brain-based learning research, James Olsen believes mental math instruction in secondary school mathematics (grades 7-12) and in teacher education programs needs increased attention. The purpose of this article is to share some keys for teaching mental math. Olsen also…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Mathematics
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Koyama, Masataka – Hiroshima Journal of Mathematics Education, 1994
Tests of computational estimation ability (CEA), strategy (CES), and mental computation ability (MCA) of (n=124) fourth, (n=143) fifth, and (n=84) sixth graders found significant relationships between CEA and MCA and between CEA and CES but not between MCA and CES. (12 references) (Author/MKR)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Estimation (Mathematics)
Weber, William B., Jr. – 1996
A major goal of instruction is for students to develop competence with numbers. This study attempts to determine the effect of instructional materials that develop number concepts and connect these concepts to mental computation procedures. The study used 16 classes of eighth-grade students and a pretest-posttest design with two treatment groups.…
Descriptors: Computation, Concept Formation, Grade 8, Interviews
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Chu, Mingyuan; Kita, Sotaro – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2011
Co-thought gestures are hand movements produced in silent, noncommunicative, problem-solving situations. In the study, we investigated whether and how such gestures enhance performance in spatial visualization tasks such as a mental rotation task and a paper folding task. We found that participants gestured more often when they had difficulties…
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Role, Nonverbal Ability
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Velázquez-Iturbide, J. Ángel; Castellanos, M. Eugenia; Hijón-Neira, Raquel – IEEE Transactions on Education, 2016
Recursion is one of the most difficult programming topics for students. In this paper, an instructional method is proposed to enhance students' understanding of recursion tracing. The proposal is based on the use of rules to translate linear recursion algorithms into equivalent, iterative ones. The paper has two main contributions: the…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Programming, Teaching Methods, Mathematics
Schoen, Harold L., Ed.; Zweng, Marilyn J., Ed. – 1986
This yearbook responds to the growing recognition among mathematics educators of the importance of teaching and learning estimation. It makes a strong case for the importance of estimation in such domains as numerosity, computation, and measurement. An important theme is the interdependency between the process of estimating in a particular domain…
Descriptors: Computation, Educational Change, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Speiser, Robert; Schneps, Matthew H.; Heffner-Wong, Amanda; Miller, Jaimie L.; Sonnert, Gerhard – Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 2012
In school, at least in the US, we were taught to multiply by hand according to a standard algorithm. Most people find that algorithm difficult to use, and many children fail to learn it. We propose a new way to make sense of this difficulty: to treat explicit computation as perceptually supported physical and mental action. Based on recent work in…
Descriptors: Evidence, Mathematics, Urban Schools, Short Term Memory
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Ruthven, Kenneth – British Educational Research Journal, 1998
Examines the use of mental, written, and calculator strategies of numerical computation by 56 upper primary students. Finds that students introduced to a "calculator-aware" curriculum make greater use of mental computation, particularly multiplication strategies based on distribution and compensation. Notes implications for models of…
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Litt, Abninder; Eliasmith, Chris; Kroon, Frederick W.; Weinstein, Steven; Thagard, Paul – Cognitive Science, 2006
We argue that computation via quantum mechanical processes is irrelevant to explaining how brains produce thought, contrary to the ongoing speculations of many theorists. First, quantum effects do not have the temporal properties required for neural information processing. Second, there are substantial physical obstacles to any organic…
Descriptors: Computation, Brain, Quantum Mechanics, Cognitive Processes
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Hope, John A.; Sherrill, James M. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1987
Four methods of solutions and 12 calculative strategies were found from introspective reports of 15 skilled and 15 unskilled students in grades 11 and 12 doing mental multiplication. Unskilled students used strategies more suited to written than mental computation, while skilled students used strategies based on number properties. (MNS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computation, Educational Research, Error Patterns
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Kumar, S. Praveen; Raja, B. William Dharma – Journal on Educational Psychology, 2009
Not all children are made the same. Learning disabilities like dyslexia, dysgraphia or dyscalculia are either not understood or ignored in schools. As a result, the schoolchildren suffer for no fault of theirs and they lag behind in their course of learning. They may find it difficult to achieve the basic skills of learning such as reading,…
Descriptors: Visual Learning, Teaching Methods, Learning Disabilities, Computation
Silver, Edward A. – 1990
This paper discusses the central thesis that new research on estimation and mental computation will benefit from more focused attention on the situations in which they are used. In the first section of the paper, a brief discussion of cognitive theory, with special attention to the emerging notion of situated cognition is presented. Three sources…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Context Effect, Division
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Menon, Ramakrishnan – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2003
Describes how students can compute and estimate, mentally and rapidly, by using appropriate number relationships. (YDS)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Lesson Plans, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Education
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Parker, Janet; Widmer, Connie Carroll – Arithmetic Teacher, 1992
Describes the method to solve problems called T-E-M-T-T: trial, error, and modified trial through technology. The method integrates students' skills of estimation, mental computation, and appropriate choice of calculator use. Includes 2 activities for each of grades K-4 and 5-8 that illustrate the method. (MDH)
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary Education
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