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Chesney, Marlene – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2013
Marlene Chesney describes a piece of research where the participants were asked to complete a calculation, 16 + 8, and then asked to describe how they solved it. The diversity of invented strategies will be of interest to teachers along with the recommendations that are made. So "how do 'you' solve 16 + 8?"
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Addition
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Callingham, Rosemary – Evaluation and Research in Education, 2008
Recent international studies have highlighted the success of students from Hong Kong in mathematics and problem-solving, and have begun to suggest some of the factors associated with this success. Other studies have suggested that Hong Kong students are averse to risk-taking, favouring memorisation and imitation in their solution strategies. Year…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction
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Reys, Barbara J. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985
The history of mental computation in the elementary school curriculum is briefly described, followed by discussion of the benefits of mental computation. How thinking skills are enhanced is then illustrated. (MNS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, History
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Miller, David J.; Robertson, Derek P. – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2010
It is known that computer games are motivating for children, but there is limited direct evidence of their effects on classroom learning. The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the effects of a commercial off-the-shelf computer game on children's mental computation skills and on aspects of self-perceptions. A pre-post design was…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Mental Computation, Brain, Learning Strategies
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Besner, Derek; Borowsky, Ron – Psychological Review, 2006
This paper comments on the article by Plaut and Booth. Plaut and Booth's first simulation shows that there is essentially perfect discrimination between word and nonwords sharing the same orthographic structure when the simulation is carried out in the way we suggested. We take the view that Plaut and Booth's new simulation work settles little…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Word Recognition, Simulation, Visual Discrimination
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Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986
Using factoring as an aid to mental multiplication is illustrated. Other suggestions for teaching mental computation are also included. (MNS)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
Heirdsfield, Ann – 2000
Literature at national and international levels argues the importance of including mental computation in a mathematics curriculum that promotes number sense. However, mental computation does not feature in importance in the current Queensland mathematics syllabus documents. Hopefully, with the writing of a new mathematics syllabus, mental…
Descriptors: Addition, Arithmetic, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
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Shen, Hong – Journal of the International Association of Special Education, 2006
The abacus is a calculating tool that has been used in Asia for thousands of years. Mental abacus calculation is a skill in which an abacus image in the mind is used without the actual physical manipulation of the abacus. Using this method, people can perform extremely rapid and accurate mental calculations. Research indicates that abacus training…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Moderate Mental Retardation, Mathematics Achievement, Mental Computation
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Sowder, Judith T. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1990
Discusses mental computation and how and when it should be taught. Describes seven properties of mental algorithms. (YP)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1987
Use of compatible numbers resulting in easy mental computations is described, along with related teaching and testing tips. (MNS)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Estimation (Mathematics), Learning Activities
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Miller, David J.; Robertson, Derek P. – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2011
It is known that computer games are motivating for children, but there is limited direct evidence of their effects on classroom learning. The studies that are available tend to be limited in terms of output data reported, or small in scale, or both. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to upscale a recent study by Miller and Robertson…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Instructional Effectiveness, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Reys, Robert E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985
This article calls attention to testing as an integral part of teaching mental computation. It begins with an overview of students' performance and is followed by some specific suggestions for testing mental computation skills in the classroom. (Author)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education
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Chavez, Oscar; Reys, Robert; Jones, Dusty – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2005
Spatial visualization is an important skill that deserves instructional attention. Strong evidence supports the claim that "measures of mathematical ability tend to be strongly correlated with spatial ability" (Anderson 2000). Thus, there is every reason to believe that time spent helping students develop their spatial visualization skills will…
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Vale, Colleen – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 1999
Computation activities focusing on speed and accuracy do not provide children with the opportunity to learn or develop their own mental computation strategies. Sets out some goals and ideas for teaching mental computation and introduces a card game for helping children compute mentally. (ASK)
Descriptors: Computation, Educational Games, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986
Activities on estimation and mental computation are presented. Patterns on a hundred chart, an amazing fact, teaching and testing tips, and other references are included. (MNS)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Estimation (Mathematics), Learning Activities
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