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Heirdsfield, Ann M. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2003
The focus of this study was to investigate mental computation conceptual frameworks that Heirdsfield (2001c) formulated to explain the difference between proficient (accurate and flexible) mental computers and accurate (but not flexible) mental computers. A further aim was to explore the potential for students' developing efficient mental…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes
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Ineson, Gwen – Early Child Development and Care, 2007
This study examines the mental computation strategies used by pupils at the end of primary school. In 1998 a new strategy for teaching mathematics was introduced into British schools (the National Numeracy Strategy) that specifically focused on mental calculation. The first part of the study took place in 1999, one year after the implementation of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Numeracy, Mathematics Curriculum
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Sengul, Sare – Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the use of number sense strategies by pre-service teachers studying at the department of elementary education. Compared to the previous one; new mathematics curriculum places more emphasis on various strategies such as estimation strategies, computational estimation strategies, rounding and mental…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Numbers
Caney, Annaliese – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004
Facilitating mental computation discussion comes with its own set of challenges for researchers and teachers. It is important to be able to help capture the students' ideas, before they disappear and seem like little more than moments of magic! In enabling children to learn how numbers work, the current emphasis on mental computation is driven by…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Testing, Mental Computation, Teachers
Chow, Wing Yee – ProQuest LLC, 2013
This thesis explores how predictions about upcoming language inputs are computed during real-time language comprehension. Previous research has demonstrated humans' ability to use rich contextual information to compute linguistic prediction during real-time language comprehension, and it has been widely assumed that contextual information can…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Processing, Prediction, Eye Movements
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Kusuma, Josephine; Sulistiawati – Indonesian Mathematical Society Journal on Mathematics Education, 2014
Multiplication of numbers from 1 to 10 is very important as it provides the basis for learning multiplication of other larger numbers as well as other related mathematical operations. How do students learn multiplication? Usually students just memorize the results of multiplication. This is often performed without a complete comprehension of the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Multiplication, Teaching Methods, Manipulative Materials
Wong, Monica – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2010
Learning pathways capture the development of competence in a mathematical domain. They have been developed from empirical studies in the areas of mental computation and emergent numeracy concepts. These pathways afford teachers the opportunity to identify students' current levels of understanding, antecedent understandings and the steps that are…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 3, Mathematics, Identification
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Callingham, Rosemary; Watson, Jane – Mathematics Education Research Journal, 2004
In this article, data from a study of the mental computation competence of students in grades 3 to 10 are presented. Students responded to mental computation items, presented orally, that included operations applied to fractions, decimals and percents. The data were analysed using Rasch modelling techniques, and a six-level hierarchy of part-whole…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Competence, Arithmetic, Mathematical Concepts
Wright, Robert J.; Ellemor-Collins, David; Tabor, Pamela D. – SAGE Publications (CA), 2011
This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Intervention, Mental Computation, Special Education
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White, Paul; Anderson, Judy – Mathematics Teacher Education and Development, 2012
With increased accountability attached to students' results on national testing in Australia, teachers feel under pressure to prepare students for the tests. However, this can lead to shallow teaching of a narrowed curriculum. An alternative approach involves using data to identify common errors and misconceptions, discussing strategies aimed at…
Descriptors: Testing, Test Items, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries
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Parrish, Sherry D. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
"Classroom number talks," five- to fifteen-minute conversations around purposefully crafted computation problems, are a productive tool that can be incorporated into classroom instruction to combine the essential processes and habits of mind of doing math. During number talks, students are asked to communicate their thinking when presenting and…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Chick, Helen – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2009
Fluency with basic number facts is vital for students' progress in mathematics. Not only does it contribute to students' facility with mental computation and algorithms, but an understanding of numbers and their properties builds a foundation for future mathematical work including algebra. There are many activities that can help students "make…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Elementary School Mathematics
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Liu, Fuchang – School Science and Mathematics, 2009
Four hundred and three 3rd- and 5th-grade Chinese students took the Multiplication Estimation Test or participated in the interview on it, designed to assess their computational estimation performance on whole-number multiplication. Students perform better when tasks are presented visually than orally. Third graders tend to use rounding based…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Grade 3, Arithmetic
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Monari Martinez, Elisabetta; Benedetti, Nives – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2011
The key questions are: is it true that persons with Down's syndrome can study mathematics only at a very elementary level? Might it be possible that their difficulties are mainly restricted to some fields, such as numeracy and mental computation, but do not encompass the entire domain of mathematics? Is the use of a calculator recommended? Is…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Numeracy, Mental Computation, Calculators
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Ellemor-Collins, David; Wright, Robert – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2011
Research literature is reviewed, identifying a need to design instruction to support multi-digit mental computation and critiquing conventional place value instruction. A distinctive instructional domain is proposed, called conceptual place value (CPV)--incrementing and decrementing numbers by units of ones, tens and hundreds. A design research…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Grade 4
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