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French, Doug – Mathematics in School, 1987
Choosing mental, written, or calculator procedures is important for children to learn. Children should be encouraged to be flexible and consider alternatives when doing mental calculation. Developing mental skills, symbols and rules, and numbers in context are each considered. (MNS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Ewbank, W. A. – Mathematics in School, 1977
Support of the need for more emphasis on mental arithmetic in the classroom is given. Classroom methods and activities for developing skill in mental arithmetic are included. (MN)
Descriptors: Activity Units, Class Activities, Computation, Educational Games
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Jameson, Susie G. – Mathematics in School, 1993
Describes two main categories of mental activity used by students in mathematics classes: mental mathematics and mathematical thought. Calls for the continuation of teaching mental mathematics and asks for the inclusion of mathematical thought in the national curricula. (MKR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), Foreign Countries
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Aze, Ian – Mathematics in School, 1988
Reported is a teacher's efforts to introduce mental methods in arithmetic to seven-year-olds over a four-week period. (PK)
Descriptors: Addition, Basic Skills, Calculators, Cognitive Ability
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Beishuizen, Meindert; Anghileri, Julia – Mathematics in School, 1998
Compares the approaches to teaching division in Britain and in Holland where different emphasis is placed on the development of mental and written methods. Describes how it is common for pupils in Britain to work from an early stage with pencil and paper rather than mentally whereas early emphasis is placed on mental strategies in Holland. (ASK)
Descriptors: Algorithms, Arithmetic, Computation, Division
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Jones, Pamela – Mathematics in School, 1988
The author suggests that the efficient use of mathematics in everyday life means translating situations into mathematical contexts, using a calculator and mental methods of calculation. Suggestions for teaching these concepts are included. (PK)
Descriptors: Addition, Basic Skills, Calculators, Computation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Plunkett, Stuart – Mathematics in School, 1979
It is suggested that the reasons for teaching the standard written algorithms for calculations are not out of date. Alternative algorithms, such as mental algorithms, calculators, and nonstandard written methods, are discussed. (MP)
Descriptors: Algorithms, Calculators, Computation, Elementary Education