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Pinhas, Michal; Pothos, Emmanuel M.; Tzelgov, Joseph – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
The representation of numbers is commonly viewed as an ordered continuum of magnitudes, referred to as the "mental number line." Previous work has repeatedly shown that number representations evoked by a given task can be easily altered, yielding an ongoing discussion about the basic properties of the mental number line and how malleable…
Descriptors: Evidence, Numbers, Number Concepts, Number Systems
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Hardman, Kyle O.; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Working memory (WM) is used for storing information in a highly accessible state so that other mental processes, such as reasoning, can use that information. Some WM tasks require that participants not only store information, but also reason about that information to perform optimally on the task. In this study, we used visual WM tasks that had…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Short Term Memory, Models, Individual Differences
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Thevenot, Catherine; Castel, Caroline; Danjon, Juliette; Fayol, Michel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Determining adults' and children's strategies in mental arithmetic constitutes a central issue in the domain of numerical cognition. However, despite the considerable amount of research on this topic, the conclusions in the literature are not always coherent. Therefore, there is a need to carry on the investigation, and this is the reason why we…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Arithmetic, Cognitive Processes, Recognition (Psychology)
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Lewandowsky, Stephan; Yang, Lee-Xieng; Newell, Ben R.; Kalish, Michael L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
Working memory is crucial for many higher level cognitive functions, ranging from mental arithmetic to reasoning and problem solving. Likewise, the ability to learn and categorize novel concepts forms an indispensable part of human cognition. However, very little is known about the relationship between working memory and categorization. This…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Classification, Structural Equation Models, Short Term Memory
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Metcalfe, Arron W. S.; Campbell, Jamie I. D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
Accurate measurement of cognitive strategies is important in diverse areas of psychological research. Strategy self-reports are a common measure, but C. Thevenot, M. Fanget, and M. Fayol (2007) proposed a more objective method to distinguish different strategies in the context of mental arithmetic. In their operand recognition paradigm, speed of…
Descriptors: Adults, Addition, Multiplication, Recognition (Psychology)
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Bassok, Miriam; Pedigo, Samuel F.; Oskarsson, An T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2008
Results from 2 relational-priming experiments suggest the existence of an automatic analogical coordination between semantic and arithmetic relations. Word pairs denoting object sets served as primes in a task that elicits "obligatory" activation of addition facts (5 + 3 activates 8; J. LeFevre, J. Bisanz, & L. Mrkonjic, 1988). Semantic relations…
Descriptors: Semantics, Mental Computation, Arithmetic, Semiotics
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Stazyk, Edmund H.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1982
Three experiments evaluated performance on a mental multiplication task and the adequacy of several different models of mental addition as extended to multiplication. Results are discussed in terms of a network-retrieval approach to mental arithmetic, the commonalities between addition and multiplication, and rule- versus retrieval-based…
Descriptors: Addition, Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Mental Computation
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Frank, David J.; Macnamara, Brooke N. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Performance on verbal and mathematical tasks is enhanced when participants shift from using algorithms to retrieving information directly from memory (Siegler, 1988a). However, it is unknown whether a shift to retrieval is involved in dynamic spatial skill acquisition. For example, do athletes mentally extrapolate the trajectory of the ball, or do…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Spatial Ability, Mathematics, Mental Computation
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Carlson, Richard A.; Avraamides, Marios N.; Cary, Melanie; Strasberg, Stephen – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2007
In 4 experiments, the authors examined the use of the hands in simple arithmetic tasks. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that pointing increases both accuracy and speed in counting arrays of items, whether those items are identical or distinctive. Experiment 3 demonstrated that individuals tend to nod their heads when not allowed to point and that…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Processes, Nonverbal Communication, Thinking Skills