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Halberda, Justin – Cognitive Psychology, 2006
Many authors have argued that word-learning constraints help guide a word-learner's hypotheses as to the meaning of a newly heard word. One such class of constraints derives from the observation that word-learners of all ages prefer to map novel labels to novel objects in situations of referential ambiguity. In this paper I use eye-tracking to…
Descriptors: Adults, Preschool Children, Logical Thinking, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Sanborn, Adam N.; Griffiths, Thomas L.; Shiffrin, Richard M. – Cognitive Psychology, 2010
A key challenge for cognitive psychology is the investigation of mental representations, such as object categories, subjective probabilities, choice utilities, and memory traces. In many cases, these representations can be expressed as a non-negative function defined over a set of objects. We present a behavioral method for estimating these…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Multidimensional Scaling, Cognitive Psychology, Probability