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Did you mean Mental competition?
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Examined elementary and junior high school students in grades 2, 5, and 7 to determine baseline data about student performance on mental computation. Reports performance levels, difficulties of different types of mental computation, and preferences for doing computations mentally, with calculators, or by hand for each grade level. (MDH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Tsang, Jessica M.; Blair, Kristen P.; Bofferding, Laura; Schwartz, Daniel L. – Cognition and Instruction, 2015
How can children's natural perceptuo-motor skills be harnessed for teaching and learning mathematical structure? We address this question in the case of the integers. Existing research suggests that adult mental representations of integers recruit perceptuo-motor functionalities involving symmetry. Building on these findings, we designed a…
Descriptors: Neurological Organization, Mathematics Instruction, Numbers, Grade 4
Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993
While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
Weber, William B., Jr. – 1996
A major goal of instruction is for students to develop competence with numbers. This study attempts to determine the effect of instructional materials that develop number concepts and connect these concepts to mental computation procedures. The study used 16 classes of eighth-grade students and a pretest-posttest design with two treatment groups.…
Descriptors: Computation, Concept Formation, Grade 8, Interviews
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Velázquez-Iturbide, J. Ángel; Castellanos, M. Eugenia; Hijón-Neira, Raquel – IEEE Transactions on Education, 2016
Recursion is one of the most difficult programming topics for students. In this paper, an instructional method is proposed to enhance students' understanding of recursion tracing. The proposal is based on the use of rules to translate linear recursion algorithms into equivalent, iterative ones. The paper has two main contributions: the…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Programming, Teaching Methods, Mathematics
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Al Mutawah, Masooma Ali – International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 2016
This study was conducted on year 4 students enrolled in the Bachelor of Education program for Cycle one teacher candidates. The effect of practicing mental calculation strategies in improving students' numeracy proficiency was put under some tests to measure its effect in a scientific way. A Pre-quiz was conducted before with no prior practice…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Learning Strategies, Preservice Teachers
Meier, Jean – 1994
This workbook, designed for workplace literacy courses, contains materials for a mathematics review course of basic number concepts focused on helping participants understand the meaning of numbers and arithmetic operations. Strategies are provided for increasing accuracy when doing computations with whole numbers, decimals, and percents.…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Basic Skills, Job Skills
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Desoete, Annemie – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2009
A majority of studies on learning disabilities have focused on elementary grades. Although problems with learning disabilities are life-affecting only a few studies focus on deficits in adults. In this study adults with isolated mathematical disabilities (n = 101) and adults with combined mathematical and reading disabilities (n = 130) solved…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Metacognition, Adults, Reading Difficulties
Maryland State Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore. – 1985
This paper is one of three major reports documenting the results of a 1984 survey of Maryland adolescents' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences with drugs and alcohol. An introduction briefly outlines the work of the Maryland Drug Abuse Administration and describes earlier surveys. A methodology section describes 1984 sampling…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcoholism, Drinking, Drug Abuse
Maryland State Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore. – 1985
This paper is one of three major reports documenting the results of a 1984 survey of Maryland adolescents' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences with drugs and alcohol. An introduction briefly outlines the work of the Maryland Drug Abuse Administration and describes earlier surveys. A methodology section describes 1984 sampling…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcoholic Beverages, Drinking, Secondary Education
Maryland State Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore. – 1985
This paper is one of three major reports documenting the results of a 1984 survey of Maryland adolescents' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences with drugs and alcohol. An introduction briefly outlines the work of the Maryland Drug Abuse Administration and describes earlier surveys. A methodology section describes 1984 sampling…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Abuse, Drug Use, Knowledge Level
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1991
A study of 255 fifth graders and 177 eighth graders from 12 randomly chosen Mexican schools was conducted to identify and characterize the students' computational estimation skills and strategies. Data from computational estimation tests and selected interviews revealed that Mexican students employed general estimation processes similar to U.S.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, Elementary Secondary Education