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ERIC Number: EJ1006828
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Beyond Initial Encoding: Measures of the Post-Encoding Status of Memory Traces Predict Long-Term Recall during Infancy
Pathman, Thanujeni; Bauer, Patricia J.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v114 n2 p321-338 Feb 2013
The first years of life are witness to rapid changes in long-term recall ability. In the current research we contributed to an explanation of the changes by testing the absolute and relative contributions to long-term recall of encoding and post-encoding processes. Using elicited imitation, we sampled the status of 16-, 20-, and 24-month-old infants' memory representations at various time points after experience of events. In Experiment 1, infants were tested immediately, 1 week after encoding, and again after 1 month. The measure of 1-week trace status was a unique predictor of 1-month delayed recall. In Experiment 2, infants were tested immediately, 15 min, 48 h, and 2 weeks after encoding and again 1 month later. The measures of 15-min and 48-h trace strength contributed unique variance in 1-month delayed recall. The findings highlight the need to consider post-encoding processes in explanations of variability in long-term memory during infancy. (Contains 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A