ERIC Number: EJ1103247
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Incidental Biasing of Attention from Visual Long-Term Memory
Fan, Judith E.; Turk-Browne, Nicholas B.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n6 p970-977 Jun 2016
Holding recently experienced information in mind can help us achieve our current goals. However, such immediate and direct forms of guidance from working memory are less helpful over extended delays or when other related information in long-term memory is useful for reaching these goals. Here we show that information that was encoded in the past but is no longer present or relevant to the task also guides attention. We examined this by associating multiple unique features with novel shapes in visual long-term memory (VLTM), and subsequently testing how memories for these objects biased the deployment of attention. In Experiment 1, VLTM for associated features guided visual search for the shapes, even when these features had never been task-relevant. In Experiment 2, associated features captured attention when presented in isolation during a secondary task that was completely unrelated to the shapes. These findings suggest that long-term memory enables a durable and automatic type of memory-based attentional control.
Descriptors: Attention, Long Term Memory, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Visual Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Adults, Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Geometric Concepts, Statistical Analysis, Observation, Bias
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01EY021755; GRFDGE0646086