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Snow, Wanda M.; Cadonic, Chris; Cortes-Perez, Claudia; Chowdhury, Subir K. Roy; Djordjevic, Jelena; Thomson, Ella; Bernstein, Michael J.; Suh, Miyoung; Fernyhough, Paul; Albensi, Benedict C. – Learning & Memory, 2018
The brain has a high demand for energy, of which creatine (Cr) is an important regulator. Studies document neurocognitive benefits of oral Cr in mammals, yet little is known regarding their physiological basis. This study investigated the effects of Cr supplementation (3%, w/w) on hippocampal function in male C57BL/6 mice, including spatial…
Descriptors: Energy, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Spatial Ability
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Wang, Yi-Wen; Ashby, F. Gregory – Learning & Memory, 2020
Despite much research, the role of the medial temporal lobes (MTL) in category learning is unclear. Two unstructured categorization experiments explored conditions that might recruit MTL category learning and memory systems--namely, whether the stimulus display includes one or two stimuli, and whether category membership depends on configural…
Descriptors: Role, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Classification, Memory
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Haugland, Kamilla G.; Olberg, Anniken; Lande, Andreas; Kjelstrup, Kristen B.; Brun, Vegard H. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Growth hormone (GH) deficiency is associated with cognitive decline which occur both in normal aging and in endocrine disorders. Several brain areas express receptors for GH although their functional role is unclear. To determine how GH affects the capacity for learning and memory by specific actions in one of the key areas, the hippocampus, we…
Descriptors: Physiology, Aging (Individuals), Brain Hemisphere Functions, Learning
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Paas, Fred; Ayres, Paul – Educational Psychology Review, 2014
According to cognitive load theory (CLT), the limitations of working memory (WM) in the learning of new tasks together with its ability to cooperate with an unlimited long-term memory (LTM) for familiar tasks enable human beings to deal effectively with complex problems and acquire highly complex knowledge and skills. With regard to WM, CLT has…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Concept Formation, Memory, Instructional Design
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Gremp, Michelle A.; Deocampo, Joanne A.; Walk, Anne M.; Conway, Christopher M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated the role of sequential processing in spoken language outcomes for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), ages 5;3-11;4, by comparing them to children with typical hearing (TH), ages 6;3-9;7, on sequential learning and memory tasks involving easily nameable and difficult-to-name visual stimuli. Children who are DHH…
Descriptors: Sequential Learning, Visual Learning, Language Skills, Children
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Lykken, Christine; Kentros, Clifford G. – Learning & Memory, 2014
Understanding the neural mechanisms underlying learning and memory in the entorhinal-hippocampal circuit is a central challenge of systems neuroscience. For more than 40 years, electrophysiological recordings in awake, behaving animals have been used to relate the receptive fields of neurons in this circuit to learning and memory. However, the…
Descriptors: Learning, Memory, Neurology, Physiology
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Rotondo, Elena K.; Bieszczad, Kasia M. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Despite identical learning experiences, individuals differ in the memory formed of those experiences. Molecular mechanisms that control the neurophysiological bases of long-term memory formation might control how precisely the memory formed reflects the actually perceived experience. Memory formed with sensory specificity determines its utility…
Descriptors: Memory, Neurology, Physiology, Cognitive Processes
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Kiddle, Hannah; Drew, Neil; Crabbe, Paul; Wigmore, Jonathan – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Memory cafés have been found to normalise experiences of dementia and provide access to an accepting social network. People with learning disabilities are at increased risk of developing dementia, but the possible benefits of attending a memory café are not known. This study evaluates a 12-week pilot memory café for people with learning…
Descriptors: Memory, Learning Disabilities, Dementia, Pilot Projects
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Ordonez Magro, Laura; Majerus, Steve; Attout, Lucie; Poncelet, Martine; Smalle, Eleonore H. M.; Szmalec, Arnaud – Developmental Psychology, 2020
There is increasing evidence for an association between both serial order short-term memory (STM) and the long-term learning (LTL) of serial order information and reading abilities. In this developmental study, we examined the hypothesis that STM for serial order supports online grapheme-to-phoneme conversion processes during the initial stages of…
Descriptors: Serial Ordering, Short Term Memory, Reading Ability, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Frick, Karyn M.; Kim, Jaekyoon; Tuscher, Jennifer J.; Fortress, Ashley M. – Learning & Memory, 2015
Ample evidence has demonstrated that sex steroid hormones, such as the potent estrogen 17ß-estradiol (E[subscript 2]), affect hippocampal morphology, plasticity, and memory in male and female rodents. Yet relatively few investigators who work with male subjects consider the effects of these hormones on learning and memory. This review describes…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Gender Differences, Animals
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Felsenberg, Johannes; Dombrowski, Vincent; Eisenhardt, Dorothea – Learning & Memory, 2012
Protein degradation is known to affect memory formation after extinction learning. We demonstrate here that an inhibitor of protein degradation, MG132, interferes with memory formation after extinction learning in a classical appetitive conditioning paradigm. In addition, we find an enhancement of memory formation when the same inhibitor is…
Descriptors: Memory, Learning Processes, Role, Entomology
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Dandolo, Lisa C.; Schwabe, Lars – Learning & Memory, 2016
Integrative encoding and generalization across past experiences depends largely on the hippocampus, an area known to be particularly sensitive to stress. Yet, whether stress influences the ability to generalize memories is unknown. We exposed volunteers to a stressor or a control manipulation before they completed an acquired equivalence task…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Generalization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Stress Variables
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Ullman, Michael T.; Lovelett, Jarrett T. – Second Language Research, 2018
The declarative/procedural (DP) model posits that the learning, storage, and use of language critically depend on two learning and memory systems in the brain: declarative memory and procedural memory. Thus, on the basis of independent research on the memory systems, the model can generate specific and often novel predictions for language. Till…
Descriptors: Role, Memory, Second Language Learning, Prediction
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Xiang, Wenxi; Li, Tingting; Gao, Tianhang; Wang, Bin – Learning & Memory, 2019
The laterodorsal thalamic nucleus (LD) is believed to play roles in learning and memory, especially spatial tasks. However, the molecular mechanism that underlies the cognitive process in the LD remains unclear and needs to be investigated. So far, there is plenty of evidence indicating that plasticity has been in some of the cortical or…
Descriptors: Animals, Memory, Brain, Learning
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McDonough, Kim; Trofimovich, Pavel – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study investigated whether second language (L2) speakers' morphosyntactic pattern learning was predicted by their statistical learning and working memory abilities. Across three experiments, Thai English as a Foreign Language (EFL) university students (N = 140) were exposed to either the transitive construction in Esperanto (e.g., "tauro…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Artificial Languages, Language Patterns, Second Language Learning
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