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ERIC Number: EJ1121512
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1913-9020
Universal Beliefs and Specific Practices: Students' Math Self-Efficacy and Related Factors in the United States and China
Wu, Yin
International Education Studies, v9 n12 p61-74 2016
This study intends to compare and contrast student and school factors that are associated with students' mathematics self-efficacy in the United States and China. Using hierarchical linear regressions to analyze the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 data, this study compares math self-efficacy, achievement, and variables such as math teacher support and socioeconomic status (SES) between 15-year-old students in the U.S. and in Shanghai, China. The findings suggest that on average, students from Shanghai showed higher math self-efficacy and better achievement than those of American students. However, at the student level, similar positive relationships between math teacher support and math self-efficacy and between SES and math self-efficacy were found in both locations. That is, in the U.S. and Shanghai, an increase in math teacher support predicts an increase in math self-efficacy, also higher SES is significantly associated with higher math self-efficacy. In addition, at the school level, the smaller difference in American students' math self-efficacy between higher SES school and lower SES school indicates that the U.S. is more equitable between schools than Shanghai, China in terms of students' math self-efficacy. Implications from this study indicate that improving teacher support in math class and narrowing the gap in students' self-efficacy related to school-level SES is a significant issue for the U.S. and Shanghai, China respectively.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Shanghai); United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment