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Predicting the Math/Science Career Goals of Low-Income Prospective First-Generation College Students

Garriott, Patton O.; Flores, Lisa Y.; Martens, Matthew P. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2013

The present study used social cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to predict the math/science goal intentions of a sample of low-income prospective first-generation college students (N = 305). Structural equation modeling was used to test a model depicting relationships between contextual (i.e., social class, learning…

Descriptors: Self Efficacy, First Generation College Students, Social Class, Career Development

Peer reviewed

Lent, Robert W.; And Others – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1991

Explored relation of sources of efficacy information to mathematics self-efficacy percepts and relations among self-efficacy, outcome expectations, interest in mathematics-related college courses, and choice of science-based career among 138 undergraduates. Efficacy informational sources were significantly predictive of gender differences in…

Descriptors: Career Choice, College Students, Higher Education, Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Pajares, Frank; Miller, M. David – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1995

Asked 391 students to provide 3 types of mathematics self-efficacy judgments. Students' reported confidence to answer the problems they were later asked to solve proved a more powerful predictor of that performance than either their confidence to perform math-related tasks or to succeed in math-related courses. (RJM)

Descriptors: Ability, Evaluation, Mathematical Aptitude, Mathematics Anxiety

Peer reviewed

Lapan, Richard T.; And Others – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1989

Studied role of self-efficacy in mediating gender differences on Investigative and Realistic General Occupational Themes of the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory among 71 male and 77 female entering university freshmen. Path analyses suggested a correlation where mathematics self-efficacy and high school mathematics preparation mediated gender…

Descriptors: College Freshmen, Females, Higher Education, Mathematics Achievement

Peer reviewed

Hackett, Gail – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1985

Examined whether mathematics-related self-efficacy mediated the effects of gender and mathematical preparation and achievement on math relatedness of college major choice in 117 undergraduates. Results showed that math self-efficacy predicts both math anxiety and math-related major choices. Gender alone appeared insufficient to explain…

Descriptors: College Mathematics, College Students, Etiology, Higher Education

Navarro, Rachel L.; Flores, Lisa Y.; Worthington, Robert L. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2007

This study examined whether sociocontextual and sociocognitive variables explained the math/science goals of 409 Mexican American youth using a modified version of R. W. Lent, S. D. Brown, and G. Hackett's (1994) social cognitive career theory. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that the hypothesized model explained a significant…

Descriptors: Middle School Students, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Social Class

Lubinski, David – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2010

Invited commentary on Armstrong and Vogel's (2009) article on interpreting the interest-efficacy association stimulated an appraisal from a broader perspective. Like empirical research, scale development, and theorizing emanating from social cognitive career theory (SCCT), their conclusion about the importance of assessing both interests and…

Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Career Choice, Vocational Interests, Career Counseling

Peer reviewed

Hackett, Gail; And Others – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1990

Assigned college student subjects (N=149) to verbal or mathematics and success or failure conditions to test hypothesis from self-efficacy theory. Changes in task self-efficacy and interest resulting from task success or failure were in accordance with predictions. Task performance effects generalized to global mathematics and verbal ability…

Descriptors: Career Choice, College Students, Failure, Higher Education

Peer reviewed

Lent, Robert W.; Brown, Steven D.; Gore, Paul A., Jr. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1997

Examined whether global academic self-concept and academic self-efficacy beliefs that vary in domain specificity/globality represent distinct or common underlying dimensions. Results based on 205 university students revealed that each of the variables represented separate, though related, latent dimensions of self-perception. Implications for…

Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, College Students, Higher Education

Nauta, Margaret M.; Epperson, Douglas L. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2003

This study tested a partial version of R. W. Lent, S. D. Brown, and G. Hackett's (1994) social-cognitive career theory model. Among 204 high school girls who attended science, math, and engineering (SME) career conferences, the authors used a 4-year longitudinal design to predict the choice of an SME college major and SME self-efficacy and outcome…

Descriptors: Majors (Students), Females, Self Efficacy, High School Students

Fouad, Nadya A.; Smith, Philip L.; Zao, Kathryn E. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2002

In the present study, the authors investigated the academic subject matter domain specificity of the social-cognitive career choice model (R. W. Lent, S. D. Brown, & G. Hackett, 1994). The relationships between self-efficacy, goals, outcome expectations, and interests were examined across the subject areas of art, social science, math/science, and…

Descriptors: Career Choice, Self Efficacy, Social Sciences, Structural Equation Models

Peer reviewed

Nauta, Margaret M.; Epperson, Douglas L.; Kahn, Jeffrey H. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1998

The influence of ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role-modeling, and role conflict on higher-level career aspirations was investigated among women majoring in (1) mathematics, physical science, engineering; and (2) biological sciences. Differences between the two groups fit the model. Findings suggest interventions to increase women's…

Descriptors: Ability, Career Choice, College Students, Females

Peer reviewed

Lopez, Frederick G.; And Others – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1997

Tested path models of academic interest and performance that were derived from social-cognitive theory. Results supported a model in which ability helps determine self-efficacy. Findings suggest that social-cognitive theory helps explain the academic behavior of high school students that can be key to their later career options. (RJM)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Career Choice, Cognitive Structures

Peer reviewed

Gainor, Kathy A.; Lent, Robert W. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1998

The math-related interests and academic-choice intentions of black college students (N=164) are explored. A social cognitive path model offered good overall fit to the data. Although racial identity contributed little to the model, self-efficacy and outcome expectations predicted interests, which predicted choice intentions across racial attitude…

Descriptors: Black Students, Career Choice, Career Development, College Freshmen