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Zeldin, Amy L.; Britner, Shari L.; Pajares, Frank – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2008

The purpose of this study was to explore the personal stories of men who selected careers in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) to better understand the ways in which their self-efficacy beliefs were created and subsequently influenced their academic and career choices. Analysis of 10 narratives revealed that mastery…

Descriptors: Females, Males, Gender Differences, Self Efficacy

Usher, Ellen L.; Pajares, Frank – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2009

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate items with which to assess A. Bandura's (1997) theorized sources of self-efficacy among middle school mathematics students. Results from Phase 1 (N=1111) were used to develop and refine items for subsequent use. In Phase 2 of the study (N=824), a 39-item, four-factor exploratory model fit best.…

Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Psychometrics, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction

Peer reviewed

Kranzler, John H.; Pajares, Frank – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 1997

Presents results of an exploratory factor analysis of the mathematics self-efficacy scale. Results, based on 522 undergraduates from three different colleges, indicate that the scale is a multidimensional measure of math self-efficacy with reliable subscales. Four first-order factors were identified, suggesting that the scale taps different…

Descriptors: College Students, Factor Analysis, Higher Education, Mathematics Skills

Peer reviewed

Pajares, Frank; Miller, M. David – Journal of Experimental Education, 1997

The mathematics self-efficacy and problem-solving performance of 327 middle school students were assessed with multiple-choice and open-ended methods. No differences in self-efficacy resulted from the different forms of assessment, although those who took the multiple-choice test had higher scores and better calibration of ability. (SLD)

Descriptors: Ability, Educational Assessment, Mathematics, Middle School Students

Langenfeld, Thomas E.; Pajares, Frank – 1993

A factor analysis study provided empirical evidence of the validity of the modified Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) and its three subscales: mathematics problems self-efficacy, mathematics tasks self-efficacy, and college courses self-efficacy. The MSES was administered to 522 undergraduate students from three state universities and…

Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, College Students, Construct Validity, Factor Analysis

Peer reviewed

Pajares, Frank; Miller, M. David – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1995

Asked 391 students to provide 3 types of mathematics self-efficacy judgments. Students' reported confidence to answer the problems they were later asked to solve proved a more powerful predictor of that performance than either their confidence to perform math-related tasks or to succeed in math-related courses. (RJM)

Descriptors: Ability, Evaluation, Mathematical Aptitude, Mathematics Anxiety

Peer reviewed

Pajares, Frank; Miller, M. David – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1994

Path analysis was used to test the predictive and mediational roles of self-efficacy beliefs in mathematics problem solving for 350 undergraduates. The predictive role of self-efficacy supports the hypothesized role of self-efficacy in the social cognitive theory of A. Bandura (1986). (SLD)

Descriptors: Beliefs, Higher Education, Mathematics, Path Analysis

Peer reviewed

Zeldin, Amy L.; Pajares, Frank – American Educational Research Journal, 2000

Examined the personal narratives of 25 women excelling in mathematics, science, and technology careers to understand the importance of their self-efficacy beliefs. Findings suggest that the perceived importance of self-efficacy beliefs may be stronger for women in male-oriented domains than for those operating in traditional settings. (SLD)

Descriptors: Attitudes, Beliefs, Career Choice, Females

Pajares, Frank; Kranzler, John – 1995

According to social cognitive theorists, people's judgments of their own capabilities to accomplish specific tasks strongly influence human motivation and behavior. Path analysis was used to test the influence of math self-efficacy and general mental ability on the math problem-solving performance of 329 high school students. A model that also…

Descriptors: Affective Behavior, High School Students, High Schools, Mathematics Achievement

Peer reviewed

Pajares, Frank; Zeldin, Amy Lapin – Journal of Invitational Theory and Practice, 1999

Examines personal stories of women to assess whether verbal persuasions and invitations influenced their academic paths. Three themes emerged: (a) invitations and verbal persuasions were instrumental sources for the development of confidence; (b) self-efficacy beliefs fostered resilience to academic and social obstacles; (c) invitations reemerged…

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Career Choice, Females, Science Careers

Urdan, Tim; Pajares, Frank; Lapin, Amy Z. – 1997

An achievement goal theory framework was used to examine the relations among goals and a number of other motivational constructs in a sample of middle school students. Participants were 189 eighth graders from a public school in the south. In one session students completed the attitude measures and in another session they completed a mathematics…

Descriptors: Ability, Achievement Need, Anxiety, Attitude Measures