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Hackett, Gail; Betz, Nancy E. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1989
This study investigated the relationship between mathematical performance and mathematics self-efficacy, attitudes toward mathematics, and the choice of mathematics-related majors by college women and men. Performance and self-efficacy correlate positively with attitudes, masculine sex-role orientation, and a mathematics-related major. (Author/DC)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, College Mathematics, College Students, Educational Research
Hackett, Gail; Betz, Nancy E. – 1984
This investigation, part of an on-going research program examining social learning theory applications to career development, tested several hypotheses derived from A. Bandura's self-efficacy theory in the career-related domain of mathematics. Specifically, the effects of failure on a mathematics task and on a task irrelevant to mathematics were…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Career Development, Failure, Higher Education
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Junge, Michael E.; Dretzke, Beverly J. – Gifted Child Quarterly, 1995
Gifted/talented high school students (n=113) completed the Mathematical Self-Efficacy Scale. Analysis indicated that males had stronger self-efficacy expectations than females on more than one-fourth of the items, whereas females reported stronger self-efficacy expectations on only a few items that involved stereotypical female activities.…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Adolescents, Mathematics, Secondary Education
Schunk, Dale H.; Gunn, Trisha P. – 1985
This study explored how task strategies and attributions for success during cognitive skill acquisition influenced self-efficacy and skillful performance. Fifty children aged 9 to 10 who lacked division skills received instruction and practice opportunities. Task strategies were assessed by recording children's verbalizations while they solved…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Division, Educational Research, Elementary Education
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Norwich, Brahm – Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, 1994
Reports on a study of 70 secondary female students in mathematics classes over a period of 7 weeks. Finds that self-efficacy was the best predictor of learning intentions. Recommends further research on the relationships between perceived learning environment, self-efficacy, and learning intentions. (CFR)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Classroom Environment, Females, Foreign Countries
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Enochs, Larry G.; Riggs, Iris M. – School Science and Mathematics, 1990
Described is a measure of the self-efficacy of preservice elementary science teachers. Field experiences, peer teaching, and the self-evaluation of microteaching are introduced as ways to enhance science teaching self-efficacy. Validity and reliability data are presented. (KR)
Descriptors: College Science, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Higher Education
Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed. – National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1997
These two newsletters of The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) present articles concerned with research on the education of gifted and talented students. The articles are: "NRC/GT: Research Should Inform Practice" (E. Jean Gubbins); "Building a Bridge: A Combined Effort between Gifted and Bilingual Education" (Valentina…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Gifted, Mathematics Instruction
Schunk, Dale H.; Hanson, Antoinette R. – 1985
This experiment investigated how children's self-efficacy and achievement were influenced by their observing peer models learn a cognitive skill. Within this context, the effects of modeled mastery and coping behaviors were explored. The subjects were 72 children aged 8 to 10 who had experienced difficulties learning subtraction with regrouping…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
Watters, James J.; Ginns, Ian S. – 1995
This paper reports on a part of a study of factors that contribute to science anxiety and science teaching self-efficacy among preservice primary and early childhood teachers. The experience and beliefs of primary and early childhood preservice teachers at an Australian University were explored in an ethnographic research tradition. In all, 366…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers, Foreign Countries
Schunk, Dale H. – 1984
This experiment tested the hypothesis that the sequence of ability and effort attributional feedback influences children's attributions, self-efficacy, and skillful performance. Children deficient in subtraction skills received training on subtraction operations and solved problems over four sessions. During the problem solving, some children…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attribution Theory, Elementary School Students, Feedback
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Schunk, Dale H.; Gunn, Trisha Phelps – 1984
This experiment explored how incorporating the importance of task strategy use and positive achievement beliefs into cognitive modeling affected self-efficacy and skill acquisition. Students deficient in division skills received cognitive modeling of division solution strategies and practice opportunities. For one group of students the cognitive…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Restructuring, Division
Blosser, Patricia E., Ed.; Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed. – 1990
This document contains the abstracts of most of the papers, symposia, and poster sessions presented at the 63rd Annual Conference of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST). Subject areas addressed include teacher preparation; informal settings; cognitive models; classroom practices; teaching methods; student learning;…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Biology, Chemistry, Cognitive Processes
Lips, Hilary M.; And Others – 1985
The usefulness of the self-schema construct for understanding and predicting human behavior and the reason for the gender-relatedness of certain behaviors and experiences were investigated in three studies. The studies examined cognitive correlates of two gender-related behaviors that are more characteristic of and problematic for women than for…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Higher Education, Mathematics Anxiety
Miura, Irene T. – 1986
A 3-year study was conducted to document individual differences in computer interest and use among middle school students and the psychological and social processes that may contribute to these differences. A questionnaire was used to assess the computer interest and use of a sample of approximately 400 middle school students at the end of each of…
Descriptors: Computers, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Middle Schools