ERIC Number: ED288622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Mother-Infant and Father-Infant Interaction Behavior.
Miller, Carol J.
A total of 20 infants 8 months of age were videotaped in dyads with each parent during 10 minutes of free play in a laboratory setting, to investigate reciprocal behavior among parents and their infants. Questionnaire data on parents' caretaking involvement were also collected. Findings indicated that mothers and fathers did not differ on the dimensions of contingent behavior, anti-contingent behavior, initiation behavior, "maternal" (social, toy-oriented) play style, or "paternal" (physical) play style. However, caretaking involvement, as measured by the amount of time parents individually spent with their infants, was negatively related to mothers' paternal play style and positively related to fathers' paternal play style. In addition, compared to female infants, male infants were the objects of more contingent, less initiating, and less paternal behavior. It is concluded that findings indicate the importance of focusing on similarities between maternal and paternal behavior and reveal precursors in infancy of sex role socialization. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A