ERIC Number: EJ733591
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Positive Affect and the Complex Dynamics of Human Flourishing
Fredrickson, Barbara L.; Losada, Marcial F.
American Psychologist, v60 n7 p678-686 Oct 2005
Extending B. L. Fredrickson's (1998) broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions and M. Losada's (1999) nonlinear dynamics model of team performance, the authors predict that a ratio of positive to negative affect at or above 2.9 will characterize individuals in flourishing mental health. Participants (N=188) completed an initial survey to identify flourishing mental health and then provided daily reports of experienced positive and negative emotions over 28 days. Results showed that the mean ratio of positive to negative affect was above 2.9 for individuals classified as flourishing and below that threshold for those not flourishing. Together with other evidence, these findings suggest that a set of general mathematical principles may describe the relations between positive affect and human flourishing.
Descriptors: Mental Health, Affective Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Structural Equation Models, Statistical Surveys, Mathematical Concepts, Group Dynamics, Psychological Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A