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Shetreet, Einat; Chierchia, Gennaro; Gaab, Nadine – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Behavioral investigations of the acquisition of "some" have shown that children favor its logical interpretation ("some and possibly all"). Adults, however, use the pragmatic interpretation ("some but not all") derived by a scalar implicature. Certain experimental manipulations increase children's rates of adult-like…
Descriptors: Responses, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Adults, Children
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Kleibeuker, Sietske W.; Stevenson, Claire E.; van der Aar, Laura; Overgaauw, Sandy; van Duijvenvoorde, Anna C.; Crone, Eveline A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Prior research suggests that adolescence is a time of enhanced sensitivity for practice and learning. In this study we tested the neural correlates of divergent thinking training in 15- to 16-year-old adolescents relative to an age-matched active control group. All participants performed an alternative uses task, a valid measure to test divergent…
Descriptors: Training, Brain, Adolescents, Creative Thinking
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Tamnes, Christian K.; Overbye, Knut; Ferschmann, Lia; Fjell, Anders M.; Walhovd, Kristine B.; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Dumontheil, Iroise – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Basic perspective taking and mentalizing abilities develop in childhood, but recent studies indicate that the use of social perspective taking to guide decisions and actions has a prolonged development that continues throughout adolescence. Here, we aimed to replicate this research and investigate the hypotheses that individual differences in…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Brain, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial Behavior
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Lewis, Michael; Carmody, Dennis P. – Developmental Psychology, 2008
This study examined the relation between self-representation and brain development in infants and young children. Self-representation was assessed by mirror recognition, personal pronoun use, and pretend play. Structural brain images were obtained from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Brain development was assessed by a quantitative measure of…
Descriptors: Play, Form Classes (Languages), Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Nelson, Charles A.; Monk, Christopher S.; Lin, Joseph; Carver, Leslie J.; Thomas, Kathleen M.; Truwit, Charles L. – Developmental Psychology, 2000
Used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine spatial working memory in 8- to 11-year-olds tested under 3 conditions. Found that subtracting activation of the motor condition from the memory condition revealed activity in dorsal aspects of the prefrontal cortex and in the posterior parietal and anterior cingulate cortex. Analysis of…
Descriptors: Anatomy, Brain, Children, Memory