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Abulebda, Kamal; Louer, Ryan; Lutfi, Riad; Ahmed, Sheikh Sohail – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Children with autism and autism spectrum disorders have a high incidence of neurologic comorbidities. Consequently, evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is deemed necessary. Sedating these patients poses several challenges. This retrospective study compared the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine to propofol in sedating autistic…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Comorbidity, Patients
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Taghizadeh, Sanaz; Lincoln, James – Physics Teacher, 2018
The introductory physics classroom has long educated students about the properties of the atom and the nucleus. But absent from these lessons has been an informed discussion of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its parent science nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Physics teachers should not miss the opportunity to instruct upon this highly…
Descriptors: Physics, Introductory Courses, Science Instruction, Diagnostic Tests
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Kleinhans, Natalia M.; Richards, Todd; Greenson, Jessica; Dawson, Geraldine; Aylward, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Abnormal fMRI habituation in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been proposed as a critical component in social impairment. This study investigated habituation to fearful faces and houses in ASD and whether fMRI measures of brain activity discriminate between ASD and typically developing (TD) controls. Two identical fMRI runs presenting masked…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Antisocial Behavior, Human Body
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Sempier, Stephen H.; Swann, D. LaDon; Graham, Larissa; Hale, Christine; Maung-Douglass, Emily S.; Wilson, Monica; Bethel, Matthew; Plotkin, Pamela T.; Main, Martin B. – Journal of Extension, 2018
In response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) was formed to answer oil spill-related scientific questions. However, peer-reviewed scientific discoveries were not reaching people whose livelihoods depended on a healthy Gulf of Mexico. GoMRI and the four Gulf of Mexico Sea Grant programs partnered to…
Descriptors: Extension Education, Private Financial Support, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Water Pollution
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Kollara, Lakshmi; Schenck, Graham; Jaskolka, Michael; Perry, Jamie L. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: To date, no studies have imaged the velopharynx in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS) without the use of sedation. Dysmorphology in velopharyngeal structures has been shown to have significant negative implications on speech among these individuals. This single case study was designed to assess the feasibility of a…
Descriptors: Children, Speech Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Case Studies
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Jang, Hye Won; Oh, Chang-Seok; Choe, Yeon Hyeon; Jang, Dong Su – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2018
Radiology education is a key component in many preclinical anatomy courses. However, the reported effectiveness of radiology education within such anatomy classrooms has varied. This study was conducted to determine if a novel educational method using dynamic images of movies of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was…
Descriptors: Radiology, Diagnostic Tests, Anatomy, Graduate Medical Education
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Erhart, Sarah E.; McCarrick, Robert M.; Lorigan, Gary A.; Yezierski, Ellen J. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016
An experiment seated in an industrial context can provide an engaging framework and unique learning opportunity for an upper-division physical chemistry laboratory. An experiment that teaches NMR/MRI through a problem-based quality control of citrus products was developed. In this experiment, using a problem-based learning (PBL) approach, students…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Diagnostic Tests, Science Experiments
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Hagedorn, Christina; Proctor, Michael; Goldstein, Louis; Wilson, Stephen M.; Miller, Bruce; Gorno-Tempini, Maria Luisa; Narayanan, Shrikanth S. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and accompanying analytical methods are shown to capture and quantify salient aspects of apraxic speech, substantiating and expanding upon evidence provided by clinical observation and acoustic and kinematic data. Analysis of apraxic speech errors within a dynamic systems framework is provided…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Articulation (Speech), Speech Impairments, Acoustics
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Yaple, Zachary; Arsalidou, Marie – Child Development, 2018
The "n"-back task is likely the most popular measure of working memory for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Despite accumulating neuroimaging studies with the "n"-back task and children, its neural representation is still unclear. fMRI studies that used the "n"-back were compiled, and data from…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Visual Aids, Short Term Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Halpern, David; Tubridy, Shannon; Wang, Hong Yu; Gasser, Camille; Popp, Pamela Osborn; Davachi, Lila; Gureckis, Todd M. – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2018
Knowledge tracing is a popular and successful approach to modeling student learning. In this paper we investigate whether the addition of neuroimaging observations to a knowledge tracing model enables accurate prediction of memory performance in held-out data. We propose a Hidden Markov Model of memory acquisition related to Bayesian Knowledge…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Memory, Prediction, Second Language Learning
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Drapkin, Zachary A.; Lindgren, Kristen A.; Lopez, Michael J.; Stabio, Maureen E. – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2015
A computerized three-dimensional (3D) neuroanatomy teaching tool was developed for training medical students to identify subcortical structures on a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) series of the human brain. This program allows the user to transition rapidly between two-dimensional (2D) MRI slices, 3D object composites, and a combined model in…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Technology, Neurology, Anatomy
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Gosman, Derek; Rose, Mary Annette – Technology and Engineering Teacher, 2015
Understanding the advantages, risks, and financial costs of medical technology is one way that technologically literate citizens can make better-informed decisions regarding their health and medical care. A cascade of advancements in medical imaging technologies (Ulmer & Jansen 2010) offers an exciting backdrop from which to help students…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Visual Aids, Technological Literacy, Standards
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Talbot, Christopher – School Science Review, 2017
This article aims to introduce the lanthanides (also known as the lanthanoids) to teachers and their students. The lanthanides are not mere "footnotes" at the bottom of the periodic table but make up a group of interesting and unique metallic elements. They and their compounds have widespread technological applications that have become…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Educational Resources, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Literacy
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Choi, Ja Young; Choi, Yoon Seong; Park, Eun Sook – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of language development in relation to brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics and the other contributing factors to language development in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: The study included 172 children with CP who underwent brain MRI and language…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Expressive Language
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Barnes-Davis, Maria E.; Merhar, Stephanie L.; Holland, Scott K.; Kadis, Darren S. – Developmental Science, 2018
Children born extremely preterm are at significant risk for cognitive impairment, including language deficits. The relationship between preterm birth and neurological changes that underlie cognitive deficits is poorly understood. We use a stories-listening task in fMRI and MEG to characterize language network "representation" and…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Acquisition, Intellectual Disability
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