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ERIC Number: ED522747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 216
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1242-8837-6
High- and Low-Achieving Fraternity Environments at a Selective Institution: Their Influence on Members' Binge Drinking and GPA
Maholchic-Nelson, Suzy
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Syracuse University
This correlational study tested the efficacy of the social-ecological theory (Moos, 1979) by employing the University Residential Environmental Scale and multiple regression analysis to examine the influences of personal attributes (SAT, parents' level of education, race/ethnicity, and high school drinking) and environmental factors (high/low achieving group, chapter house status, chapter advisement, and perceptions of social climate) on the binge drinking behavior and GPA of fraternity members (n = 370) on a selective college campus. Further, a discriminant analysis estimated how high- and low-achieving fraternities (defined by average fraternity GPA over three years) differed on these characteristics. The three models accounted for 21.3%, 15%, and 30% of overall variation, respectively, in self-reported binge drinking, GPA, and high- and low-achievement group. Findings indicated that fraternity men on this campus drank at a high rate, regardless of race/ethnicity or membership in a high/low group. Results included: (1) Factors that contributed significantly to binge drinking were prior drinking in high school, living outside of the chapter house, and competitively oriented environments. Chapter advisement did not significantly affect binge drinking behavior. There was a possible interaction effect between housing status and social climate factors. (2) Factors associated with improved GPA were SAT and parents' level of education. Living outside of the fraternity was significantly positively associated with GPA once binge drinking was considered. Academically oriented environments were correlated with higher GPA, while intellectually oriented environments were negatively associated with GPA. Chapter advising was not found to be significantly correlated with GPA. Further, there was not a statistically significant relationship between the level of binge drinking and individual GPA. (3) The discriminant analysis found that high-achieving groups differed by race/ethnicity, parents' level of education, housing status, academic achievement, intellectuality, and order and organization. Low-achieving groups differed by independence, innovation and chapter advisement, but the relationship was weak. The model had a better rate of classification for high-achieving groups over low-achieving groups (76.5% vs.73.3%, respectively), and thus was more accurate than 50/50 chance prediction in classifying members by high/low group. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A