ERIC Number: EJ1089557
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Journey into the Problem-Solving Process: Cognitive Functions in a PBL Environment
Chua, B. L.; Tan, O. S.; Liu, W. C.
Innovations in Education and Teaching International, v53 n2 p191-202 2016
In a PBL environment, learning results from learners engaging in cognitive processes pivotal in the understanding or resolution of the problem. Using Tan's cognitive function disc, this study examines the learner's perceived cognitive functions at each stage of PBL, as facilitated by the PBL schema. The results suggest that these learners perceived themselves as employing certain cognitive functions, with each function specific to different PBL stages. The cognitive functions were (i) looking from different perspectives, (ii) generating many ideas, (iii) making connections, and (iv) synthesis. The identification of perceived dominant cognitive functions to the pedagogical stages of PBL can serve to advance classroom practices as it (i) provides a cognitive-centric approach to PBL, and (ii) allows the PBL schema to be used as a tool to scaffold cognitive functions.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Problem Based Learning, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Perspective Taking, Concept Formation, Logical Thinking, Schemata (Cognition), Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore