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Showing 91 to 105 of 1,071 results Save | Export
El-Koumy, Abdel Salam Abdel Khalek – Online Submission, 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of homogeneous versus heterogeneous reading-style grouping on EFL students' non-preferred reading style and reading comprehension. The study used a pretest-posttest experimental design. The original subjects of the study (N=86) were Egyptian English major senior students during the 2005/2006…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Cognitive Style, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Heterogeneous Grouping
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Mashal, N.; Vishne, T.; Laor, N.; Titone, D. – Brain and Language, 2013
The neural basis involved in novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia is relatively unknown. Fourteen people with schizophrenia and fourteen controls were scanned while they silently read novel metaphors, conventional metaphors, literal expressions, and meaningless word-pairs. People with schizophrenia showed reduced comprehension of both…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Figurative Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Schizophrenia
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Beharelle, Anjali Raja; Dick, Anthony Steven; Josse, Goulven; Solodkin, Ana; Huttenlocher, Peter R.; Levine, Susan C.; Small, Steven L. – Brain, 2010
A predominant theory regarding early stroke and its effect on language development, is that early left hemisphere lesions trigger compensatory processes that allow the right hemisphere to assume dominant language functions, and this is thought to underlie the near normal language development observed after early stroke. To test this theory, we…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurological Impairments, Language Acquisition, Children
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Vlachos, Filippos; Andreou, Eleni; Delliou, Afroditi – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
The present study examined the link between brain hemisphericity and dyslexia in secondary school students, using the Preference Test (PT), a widely used self-report index of preferred hemisphere thinking styles. The hypothesis was that differences would be revealed between the dyslexic group and their peers in hemispheric preference. A total of…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Correlation, Cognitive Processes, Hypothesis Testing
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Spencer, Caroline; Vannest, Jennifer; Maas, Edwin; Preston, Jonathan L.; Redle, Erin; Maloney, Thomas; Boyce, Suzanne – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study investigated phonological and speech motor neural networks in children with residual speech sound disorder (RSSD) during an overt Syllable Repetition Task (SRT). Method: Sixteen children with RSSD with /[voiced alveolar approximant]/ errors (6F [female]; ages 8;0-12;6 [years;months]) and 16 children with typically developing…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Speech Language Pathology, Phonology, Syllables
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Gwinn, O. Scott; Jiang, Fang – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2020
Previous studies have shown that compared to hearing individuals, early deaf individuals allocate relatively more attention to the periphery than central visual field. However, it is not clear whether these two groups also differ in their ability to selectively attend to specific peripheral locations. We examined deaf and hearing participants'…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Attention, Visual Stimuli
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Liang, Chun-Yu; Xu, Zhi-Yuan; Mei, Wei; Wang, Li-Li; Xue, Li; Lu, De Jian; Zhao, Hu – Brain and Cognition, 2012
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have identified activation in the prefrontal-parietal-sub-cortical circuit during feigned memory impairment when comparing with truthful telling. Here, we used fMRI to determine whether neural activity can differentiate between answering correctly, answering randomly, answering…
Descriptors: Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Neurological Impairments
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Xia, Zhichao; Zhang, Linjun; Hoeft, Fumiko; Gu, Bin; Gong, Gaolang; Shu, Hua – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018
The ability to read is essential for cognitive development. To deepen our understanding of reading acquisition, we explored the neuroanatomical correlates (cortical thickness; CT) of word-reading fluency and sentence comprehension efficiency in Chinese with a group of typically developing children (N = 21; 12 females and 9 males; age range…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Skills, Neurological Organization, Anatomy
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Nagel, Bonnie J.; Herting, Megan M.; Maxwell, Emily C.; Bruno, Richard; Fair, Damien – Brain and Cognition, 2013
Adult functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) literature suggests that a left-right hemispheric dissociation may exist between verbal and spatial working memory (WM), respectively. However, investigation of this type has been obscured by incomparable verbal and spatial WM tasks and/or visual inspection at arbitrary thresholds as means to…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Short Term Memory, Diagnostic Tests
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Weed, Ethan; Fusaroli, Riccardo – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The aim of the study was to use systematic review and meta-analysis to quantitatively assess the currently available acoustic evidence for prosodic production impairments as a result of right-hemisphere damage (RHD), as well as to develop methodological recommendations for future studies. Method: We systematically reviewed papers…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Neurological Impairments, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Research Reports
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Geurts, Hilde M.; Ridderinkhof, K. Richard; Scholte, H. Steven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
We tested whether in 85 healthy adults (18-29 years) there is a relationship between grey-matter (GM) volume and autism and ADHD symptom severity. The structural MRI findings and autism and ADHD self-reports revealed that autism and ADHD symptom severity was correlated with GM volume in the left inferior frontal gyrus. Autism symptom-severity was…
Descriptors: Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adults, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
Ruhaak, Amy E. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Educational neuromyths are commonly accepted, erroneous beliefs that contribute to pseudoscientific practice within education (e.g., learning styles, right brain vs. left brain learners, perceptual motor training). The implementation of instructional practices founded upon neuromyths and lacking in empirical evidence diminishes the quality of…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Special Education, Special Education Teachers, Incidence
de Silva, Deema; Freund, Clara – 1987
This handbook for those involved in assisting and encouraging college students to persist and graduate covers the following topics: benefits of college; persistence factors; successful students; a mission that motivates; results in real time; self-management through self-mastery (time management, assertiveness, study skills, learning styles, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Academic Persistence, Assertiveness
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Yang, Seung-yun; Van Lancker Sidtis, Diana – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2016
Purpose: This study investigates the effects of left- and right-hemisphere damage (LHD and RHD) on the production of idiomatic or literal expressions utilizing acoustic analyses. Method: Twenty-one native speakers of Korean with LHD or RHD and in a healthy control (HC) group produced 6 ditropically ambiguous (idiomatic or literal) sentences in 2…
Descriptors: Korean, Figurative Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Acoustics
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Suavansri, Ketchai; Falchook, Adam D.; Williamson, John B.; Heilman, Kenneth M. – Brain and Cognition, 2012
Background: Pseudoneglect is a normal left sided spatial bias observed with attempted bisections of horizontal lines and a normal upward bias observed with attempted bisections of vertical lines. Horizontal pseudoneglect has been attributed to right hemispheric dominance for the allocation of attention. The goal of this study was to test the…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Handedness, Spatial Ability, Lateral Dominance
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