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Hankins, George. – Engineering Education, 1987
Describes the novice-to-expert model of human learning and compares it to the recent advances in the areas of artificial intelligence and expert systems. Discusses some of the characteristics of experts, proposing connections between them with expert systems and theories of left-right brain functions. (TW)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Brain Hemisphere Functions, College Science, Engineering Education
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Hong, Ji Sun; Han, Doug Hyun; Kim, Young In; Bae, Su Jin – ReCALL, 2017
The HoDoo English game was developed to take advantage of the benefits attributed to on-line games while teaching English to native Korean speakers. We expected to see that the improvements in the subjects' English language abilities after playing the HoDoo English game would be associated with increased brain functional connectivity in the areas…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Educational Games, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Schwilling, Eleonore; Krageloh-Mann, Ingeborg; Konietzko, Andreas; Winkler, Susanne; Lidzba, Karen – Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 2012
Language functions are generally represented in the left cerebral hemisphere. After early (prenatally acquired or perinatally acquired) left hemispheric brain damage language functions may be salvaged by reorganization into the right hemisphere. This is different from brain lesions acquired in adulthood which normally lead to aphasia. Right…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Processing, Cerebral Palsy, Patients
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Kim, Kangmoon; Kim, Sang Hee; Yoon, HeungSik; Shin, Hyoung Seok; Lee, Young-Mee – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2020
This study aimed to (1) evaluate the effects of an empathy education program, and (2) explore functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) as a potential empathy assessment tool. An empathy enhancement program for premedical students was developed. The Korean version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Student version (JSE-S) and Interpersonal…
Descriptors: Empathy, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Foreign Countries
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Emerson, Robert W.; Cantlon, Jessica F. – Developmental Science, 2015
Human children possess the ability to approximate numerical quantity nonverbally from a young age. Over the course of early childhood, children develop increasingly precise representations of numerical values, including a symbolic number system that allows them to conceive of numerical information as Arabic numerals or number words. Functional…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Number Concepts, Numbers, Neuropsychology
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Kristinsson, Sigfus; Yourganov, Grigori; Xiao, Feifei; Bonilha, Leonardo; Stark, Brielle C.; Rorden, Chris; Basilakos, Alexandra; Fridriksson, Julius – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene has been shown to be important for synaptic plasticity in animal models. Human research has suggested that BDNF genotype may influence stroke recovery. Some studies have suggested a genotype-specific motor-related brain activation in stroke recovery. However, recovery from aphasia in…
Descriptors: Brain, Aphasia, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurological Impairments
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Kiran, Swathi; Meier, Erin L.; Johnson, Jeffrey P. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Despite a tremendous amount of research in this topic, the precise neural mechanisms underlying language recovery remain unclear. Much of the evidence suggests that activation of remaining left-hemisphere tissue, including perilesional areas, is linked to the best treatment outcomes, yet recruitment of the right hemisphere for various…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Rehabilitation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Guidelines
Worden, Jennifer M.; Hinton, Christina; Fischer, Kurt W. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2011
There are several myths about neuroscientific findings that are widespread in education. Some of these myths are left brain/right brain, critical periods for learning, and gender differences in the brain. Belief in these "neuromyths" can negatively affect how we teach children. But ignoring important findings from neuroscience can be just as…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Misconceptions, Teaching Methods, Neurology
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Ruggiero, Fabiana; Lavazza, Andrea; Vergari, Maurizio; Priori, Alberto; Ferrucci, Roberta – Creativity Research Journal, 2018
Creativity is the ability to come up with new and original solutions to problems. It is characterized along a dipole spectrum, with the opposing ends defined as convergent and divergent thinking. Previous studies have provided evidence that various cognitive functions and insight into non-verbal problems can be enhanced using non-invasive brain…
Descriptors: Creativity, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Lateral Dominance, Adults
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Su, Mengmeng; Thiebaut de Schotten, Michel; Zhao, Jingjing; Song, Shuang; Zhou, Wei; Gong, Gaolang; McBride, Catherine; Ramus, Franck; Shu, Hua – Developmental Science, 2018
The acquisition of language involves the functional specialization of several cortical regions. Connectivity between these brain regions may also change with the development of language. Various studies have demonstrated that the arcuate fasciculus was essential for language function. Vocabulary learning is one of the most important skills in…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Children
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Li, Weiwei; Yang, Wenjing; Li, Wenfu; Li, Yadan; Wei, Dongtao; Li, Huimin; Qiu, Jiang; Zhang, Qinglin – Creativity Research Journal, 2015
Creative persons play an important role in technical innovation and social progress. There is little research on the neural correlates with researchers with high academic achievement. We used a combined structural (regional gray matter volume, rGMV) and functional (resting-state functional connectivity analysis, rsFC) approach to examine the…
Descriptors: Brain, Creativity, College Faculty, High Achievement
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Arredondo, Maria M.; Hu, Xiao-Su; Satterfield, Teresa; Kovelman, Ioulia – Developmental Science, 2017
Bilingualism is a typical linguistic experience, yet relatively little is known about its impact on children's cognitive and brain development. Theories of bilingualism suggest that early dual-language acquisition can improve children's cognitive abilities, specifically those relying on frontal lobe functioning. While behavioral findings present…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Ability, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Mashal, N.; Vishne, T.; Laor, N.; Titone, D. – Brain and Language, 2013
The neural basis involved in novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia is relatively unknown. Fourteen people with schizophrenia and fourteen controls were scanned while they silently read novel metaphors, conventional metaphors, literal expressions, and meaningless word-pairs. People with schizophrenia showed reduced comprehension of both…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Figurative Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Schizophrenia
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Wynn, Syanah C.; Hendriks, Marc P. H.; Daselaar, Sander M.; Kessels, Roy P. C.; Schutter, Dennis J. L. G. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Functional neuroimaging studies suggest a role for the left angular gyrus (AG) in processes related to memory recognition. However, results of neuropsychological and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies have been inconclusive regarding the specific contribution of the AG in recollection, familiarity, and the subjective experience of…
Descriptors: Memory, Brain, Stimulation, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Zhu, Wenfeng; Yang, Wenjing; Qiu, Jiang; Tian, Fang; Chen, Qunlin; Cao, Guikang; Zhang, Qinglin; Ming, Dan – Creativity Research Journal, 2019
Evidence from a range of fields shows that representation-connection (RC) is the key step towards the solution of a real-world insight problem. However, no study has focused on the inter-individual variability in RC, and little is known about whether structural and resting-state functional signals can account for inter-individual differences in…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Problem Solving
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